2018 Mango & Tropical Fruit Festival Curator's Choice Trees:

Mangos of Haiti

Dr. Noris Ledesma, Curator of Tropical Fruit, has carefully selected mango cultivars well-suited to contemporary South Florida conditions. These cultivars represent a new generation of mangos with superior horticultural traits. We have featured mangos from the far reaches of the world; each location with its own unique genetic mix, particular look, flavor and texture. 

Our twenty-five-year tour of the mango world has been full of adventure, lore and, of course, taste. We have been taken to Asia and Africa, North and South America, and now we have come back to South Florida and to our members and visitors. We are ready to speak of the Fairchild “brand” that celebrates the diversity of the fruit, as well as a future for the mango, limited only by our imagination and genetic diversity. We have well over 500 mango varieties thriving in the Redland at The Fairchild Farm. Each variety is unique and worthy of appreciation on its own merits. The Living Mango Collection holds the secrets of a world of mangos as well as the very future of this fruit.

For the Mango Festival, we have hand-picked the best that we have to offer from our Living Genetic Collection. Our selection of mango trees are full of potential and ready to produce top-quality fruit. Trees are approximately 3 ft. in height, growing in a 2-gallon plastic pot. For your convenience, a tree holding area is available both days of the Festival. (Unfortunately, we cannot pre-sell or ship trees.)

 


'Madame Francis' (Haiti) 

'Madame Francis' is from Haiti, where it has been a traditional dessert cultivar for decades.  Fruit are oblong and sigmoid in shape, with an undulating skin surface and lightly waxed skin. Size ranges from 16 to 20 oz. The color is from greenish to bright yellow without any blush. The dark orange flesh is soft and juicy with a rich, spicy, and sweet flavor. There can be considerable fiber within the flesh. Madame Francis is one of the few specialty mangos that have been available within the United States for a number of years, being imported from Haiti to markets in the Eastern United States. Its eating quality is considered superior to other commercially available mangos, although the fiber can be excessive in some fruit. As the fruit are mostly harvest and collected from small farmers in the island nation of Haiti, there have been considerable problems associated with consistency of fruit quality. Also, consumers outside of specialty markets are unfamiliar with Madame Francis; therefore, its importance in export markets has remained limited. However, it is worth consideration due to its superior flavor.

 


'Baptiste' (Haiti)

Baptiste was selected in Haiti, where it is grown on a locally commercial scale. The fruit are oval, with a smooth, non-waxy skin, weighing from 8 to 16 oz. They are bright yellow to orange and have no blush. The flesh is extremely firm, and it has surprisingly little fiber. The flesh is a deep orange, with a mild and sweet flavor. Baptiste is popular in Haiti, and can be found in local markets, but it is mostly unknown outside of the island. Within Haiti the trees are often grown from seed, which is possible with this cultivar. There have been some limited exports of Baptiste to the United States, but they have been mostly unsuccessful due to inconsistent supply and quality, and unfamiliarity of the consumer with this fruit. The firm flesh holds its shape upon cutting and heating and suits it well for fruit salads and cooking.


'Angie' (Florida) 

'Angie' was selected for home garden and estate agriculture in South Florida due to its compact growth habit, disease tolerance and overall fruit quality. The fruit are 14 ounces, oblong and saffron yellow with Indian orange blush on the sun-exposed shoulders. The skin is smooth and without visible lenticels. The flesh is tangerine orange and without fiber. The flavor is classified in the 'Alphonso' class of mangos with a deep sweetness and sophisticated profile rich in apricot. The disease tolerance is excellent and given its early season it often can be harvested before the rainy season in South Florida. The tree is semi-dwarf and highly manageable with annual pruning. Size can be maintained at or below 10 feet with consistent production. The tree is easy to grow if nitrogen is kept low and the tree is not over-watered or grown in soils prone to flooding or with a high watertable. 


'Fairchild' (Panama) 

'Fairchild' was selected by Dr. David Fairchild and his family in the early 1900s in the Panama Canal Zone. The small, oblong fruit average 10 ounces and have lemon yellow skin at maturity in June and July. The juicy, fiber free flesh is deep orange and aromatic, with a rich, spicy flavor. 'Fairchild' always ranks among the top cultivars in public evaluations at Fairchild's Mango Festival. The tree and fruit are highly tolerant of disease and fruit well under humid conditions, making it a natural for South Florida. The tree is among the most ornamental of mangos, with its compact shape and deep green color. It can be maintained at a height and spread of 8 feet or less, perfect for those with a modest-sized home garden. 


'Mallika' (India) 

Mallika is a hybrid between Neelum and Dasheri, and is considered among the best of the new generation of Indian dessert mangos. The tree is semi-dwarf, making it attractive to mango growers outside of India, who are always looking for new niche markets around the world. The bright yellow fruit are a flattened oblong shape, with a rounded base and an irregular, non-waxy skin. The fruit weigh from 10 to 18 ounces. When properly ripened, the pasty, but completely fiber-free flesh is a deep orange, with an intensely sweet, rich and highly aromatic flavor. Mallika fruit are harvested mature-green, before they break color on the tree and should be stored at a temperature of not less than 70 degrees F for 2 to 3 weeks for proper ripening. In this manner their ultimate eating quality will be achieved. The fruit can be refrigerated after complete ripening, but not before.  


'Nam Doc Mai' (Thailand) 

'Nam Doc Mai' is among the best dessert mangos of Thailand, with an exceptional appearance and eating quality. The fruit are long, slender and sigmoid, weighing from 12 to 16 ounces. The ripe fruit range from a greenish- to canary-yellow, rarely with a reddish blush on the sun-exposed shoulder. The flesh is soft and juicy, with a sweet and aromatic flavor. 'Nam Doc Mai' has no fiber. In Thailand and throughout much of Asia, it encompasses what is most desired in terms of versatility and quality. It is used while mature green for dipping in sauces and for making sweet preserves and pickles. When ripe, they have a smooth, silky texture and extreme sweetness and bouquet. It has found a home in the Caribbean, where it grows and fruits well. 


'Rosigold' (Florida) 

'Rosigold' is a local selection of Southeast Asian heritage. It is the answer to those who just cannot wait for the mango season to arrive, because the fruit ripen from middle to late March. The fruit are cylindrical, weighing 11 ounces and are a bright yellow, with crimson and red highlights on the sun-exposed shoulders. The skin is thick, tender and adhesive to the soft, melting and juicy deep-orange flesh. The flavor is rich, aromatic and sweet, with a hint of the Asian Tropics. There is no fiber in the silky flesh. The tree is small, manageable and highly productive and can be kept at 8 feet, while maintaining proper health and fruiting. Blooming often occurs in successive waves throughout the winter, resulting in a multi-harvest fruiting season. There is a need to thin fruit in most years to improve fruit size and quality. 


'Cogshall' (Florida) 

Cogshall was selected on Pine Island, Florida in the 1940s for its small tree size, good production, eating quality and beauty. It remained a local favorite for many years, but due to the softness of its flesh, it never became a commercial success.  The fruit weigh from 10 to 18 ounces. The color is an eye-catching yellowish-orange, overlaid with a brilliant crimson blush. The soft, completely fibreless flesh has an excellent rich, spicy and aromatic flavor, which is sure to please even the most finicky of mango connoisseurs. The fruit and trees have good tolerance to fungal diseases. Fruit should be handled with care, as they are easily damaged due to the thin skin and soft flesh. The Cogshall tree remains small and compact and with minimal pruning can be maintained at a height and spread of 6 feet or less. Such a tree will easily produce 30 to 40 pounds (3 to 4 boxes) of fruit while retaining health and vigor. The fruit is not available commercially outside of South Florida, and even within this region it is extremely difficult to find. 


'Manilita' (Mexico)  

This is a selection of ‘Manila’ from the Pacific Coast of Mexico. The fruit are small and elongated, weighing 9 ounces. The color is an eye-catching pastel red, which covers all but the nose of the fruit. The flesh is light yellow and silky-smooth, with a pleasing sweet and uncomplicated flavor. It is perfect for eating out of hand, for slicing and for dehydrating. The fruit ripen early in the mango season, allowing the grower to have a jump on the season. It is often the earliest red mango to ripen in Florida. The tree is dwarf and disease resistant and is perfectly suited for container or patio production. Tree size can be maintained at 7 feet or less in height and 4 feet in spread. Production is not heavy, but ample harvests can be attained with proper care.