The Fairchild Library was formed in 1939, only a year after the Garden's dedication, and based on generous donations from Col. Robert Montgomery and George P. Brett. Since then, the Library has grown into one of the best tropical botanic collections in South Florida, including both historical works and current research works. The Montgomery Library was originally housed in the Montgomery Library and Archives building, the first permanent structure built for the Garden. 

The Fairchild library currently encompasses several major collections.

Montgomery Research Library
This is our largest collection and includes over 12,000 non-circulating volumes focusing on tropical botany, taxonomy, and conservation. It is housed in the Natural History Collections Building and open only to Fairchild Members by appointment. The collection includes books, journals, microfiche, maps, and reprints that support the research focus of the Garden. A collection of rare books is also part of this library.

Members Library
The Members Library includes approximately 700 volumes focusing on south Florida horticulture and gardening. The collection is housed in the Natural History Collections Building. Garden Members may check out books from this collection from any of the friendly staff at the Visitor Center.

David Bar-Zvi Horticulture Library
Over the past several years, the Horticulture Library, based on the personal collection of Dr. David Bar-Zvi, has grown to over 800 books that support the work of the Horticulture staff of Fairchild. The collection is housed in the Hawkes Building at Fairchild and provides immediate access for those caring for the Garden's plant collections. 

Carl Campbell Library at The Fairchild Farm
The Carl Campbell Library grew from the personal library donated by Dr. Carl Campbell and his family and friends after his death in 2006.The library includes both historical and modern works on tropical fruit horticulture from around the world. The collection is located at The Fairchild Farm, home of Fairchild's Tropical Fruit Genetic Collection in Homestead and is open by appointment.

Fairchild Archives
The Natural History Collection building is also home to the Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden Special Collections. The Fairchild Archives includes not only the extensive archive of Dr. David G. Fairchild, but also the historical papers from Fairchild's early years. In addition, the archives include the collections of over a dozen South Florida botanists and horticulturists. The Archive is available, by appointment, to researchers and scholars.