Welcome to the 75th Annual Members’ Day Plant Sale. Since 1938, Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden has distributed plants to members for use in the South Florida landscape. Through the years, Fairchild's horticultural staff have observed, evaluated and introduced beautiful, interesting and diverse trees, palms, shrubs, vines and ground covers to the community. For over 35 years, a concerted effort has been made by Fairchild's Senior Horticulturist, Mary Collins, to identify plants that are well adapted to our climate and soils, non-invasive and will provide a welcome addition to the yards and gardens of South Florida. There has been an emphasis on uncommonly available or rare native species, in addition to introducing more common native plants to members who want to establish their own backyard natural habitats to attract birds, butterflies and other wildlife. Plants from other lands have been observed, monitored and carefully chosen to add to the palette of plant choices for home gardens. There are descriptions and photos below of many of the plants being offered, or look at the mature plants growing at Fairchild and decide which would fit your home landscape.
The Distribution Plants have been grown in larger quantities than the other sale plants and are carefully selected for this program. While you may purchase up to four of the Distribution Plants there will be many other plants for sale. Plan an early start: lines form quickly, and while we have a good supply, it is not endless. Along with other staff members and knowledgeable volunteers, I'll be available to advise you on site selection, planting and growing these very special plants.
In the days prior to the sale, you might want to visit Fairchild with the Members' Day brochure in hand, and take a look at examples of the distribution plants. Their locations in the garden are mentioned at the end of each description. We will also be setting up the sale area in the palmetum during the week before the sale. You might want to visit this area to see exactly where the plants you want to purchase are located in the plant sale area. Just remember that the quantities are not endless and for the best chance to get the plants you want, be an early bird to get the plants you desire for your own garden. I hope to see you at the sale, Saturday, October 5, 2013 from 9:00 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.
2013 Members' Day Distribution
You will need your membership card and the distribution list to purchase plants. Each membership may purchase four distribution plants. Limit one per species.
1. Anthurium faustomirandae ............................. $20.00
2. Sanchezia sanmartinensis .............................. 20.00
3. Strongylodon macrobotrys ............................. 30.00
4. Cubanola domingensis ................................. 18.00
5. Carpoxylon macrospermum ........................... 18.00
6. Brunfelsia densifolia ........................................ 18.00
7. Eugenia confusa ............................................. 15.00
8. Clusia lanceolata ........................................... 18.00
9. Ptychosperma furcatum .................................. 15.00
10. Jacquinia keyensis ........................................ 15.00
11. Callicarpa americana ................................... 15.00
12. Pachypodium rosulatum ............................. 15.00
Click on images to enlarge them
Photos by Mary Collins Text by Mary Collins
1. Anthurium faustomirandae is endemic to the state of Chiapas in Mexico where it grows at elevations of 2,000 to 3,000 feet. Sometimes known as giant anthurium, this species has amazing, large heart-shaped leaves which may grow to 4 feet long and about 2 feet wide. New leaf growth emerges with a red coloration and the new leaves are glossy. As the leaf blade matures and hardens, the gloss is lost and the surface of the leaf becomes matte green, leathery and quite stiff. This species has proven to be easy to grow in light shade or morning sun and is a wonderful anthurium for South Florida. (in front of the science labs)
2. Sanchezia sanmartinensis is a flowering shrub to small tree from Peru with very interesting red-orange flowers surrounded by maroon colored hairy bracts. The dark green, shiny leaves and stems are also covered with soft, tiny dark hairs. The tubular red flowers, with plentiful nectar, have proven to be a great hummingbird attractor in our rainforest. As with other Sanchezias, we suggest planting this one in a frost-free location with rich, moist, well-drained soil in full shade to partial shade. (Plots 130, 131, 152)
3. Strongylodon macrobotrys, commonly known as jade vine, is native to the Philippines. The jade vine produces spectacular hanging clusters 2 to 3 feet or more long of the most amazing jade green to blue green flowers from February to May. This fast growing vine needs a pergola, a tree to grow upon, or some means of support. Jade vine is the star of Fairchild's vine pergola when it is in bloom! (Vine Pergola)
4. Cubanola domingensis, native to the Dominican Republic, is a beautiful flowering shrub. Sometimes called Dominican bells or tree lily, this 5 to 7-foot tall shrub produces masses of 10 inch long pendant greenish-white bell-shaped flowers periodically during the warm months. The large showy flowers are fragrant. Cubanola needs lots of water during the summer months, and during winter, just enough water to keep the roots from drying out. It is very well adapted to our rainy and the dry seasons found in South Florida. This beauty grows well in our local soils and should be planted in a well-drained location with morning sun and some shade in the afternoon. (Plots 50, 43)
5. Carpoxylon macrospermum was first discovered in Vanuatu in 1875. Until its rediscovery in 1987, this palm was believed to be extinct. It has a single trunk which supports a beautiful crown of gracefully recurved, arching, pinnate fronds. Clusters of large, dark red fruit with a flavor similar to coconut, look like jewels at the base of the prominent, pale green crownshaft. Endemic to lowland rainforests, it prefers moist soil and light shade to reach its mature height of 50 feet. (Plots 71B, 131)
6. Brunfelsia densifolia, Serpentine Hill rain tree, is a hardy, beautiful flowering shrub to small tree, endemic to Puerto Rico. It has simple, lanceolate leaves. Brunfelsia densifolia's yellow, tubular flowers are most prolific in the spring and summer, but occur to a lesser extent through the rest of the year. It produces orange fruit in the summer. It is native to dry areas with serpentine soil, which contains high amounts of magnesium, iron, nickel and chromium and little calcium and nitrogen. In Puerto Rico, it has become endangered because of habitat loss through the clearing of land for agriculture. Serpentine Hill rain tree thrives in South Florida landscapes with minimal care, growing in sun or part shade, preferring partial shade while young. Fertilize regularly with a complete fertilizer containing macro and micronutrients. (Plots 49, 50, 27D)
7. Eugenia confusa, redberry stopper, is native to South Florida, the Keys and the West Indies. It is considered endangered in Florida. Redberry stopper is an evergreen small tree or large shrub which slowly grows to about 20 feet and can serve many purposes in the landscape. The opposite leaves with interesting, elongated drip tips, emerge reddish turning a medium green several weeks later. The straight trunk is covered by distinctive finely divided bark. The canopy remains dense, even in partial shade. White or cream-yellow flowers have numerous, showy stamens that are yellow in color. These flowers occur in axillary clusters in May or June. The edible fruits are small, drupe-like, juicy red berries which are globose and very showy. The small stature and narrow crown make the redberry stopper an excellent choice for a small yard or a confined space. (Plots 3B, 46, 64)
8. Chosen as one of the 2007 Fairchild Plants of the Year, Clusia lanceolata is a delightful shrub or small tree 8-10' tall from the sandy coastal regions of Brazil known as "restingas". It was introduced to South Florida by noted USDA researcher and Fairchild Research Associate Alan Meerow. The white, waxy 6-petaled flowers have a distinctive ring of wine-red markings around the center. These 2-inch wide flowers appear all year. The distinctive fruits are round and crowned with a circle of black glands. When ripe, the fruit opens to disclose seeds covered with orange-red arils. Well adapted to our growing conditions, it thrives in sun or partial shade with minimal irrigation requirements. It can be maintained as a smaller specimen with judicious pruning or allowed to fill a larger space. As a container plant, it will provide a unique highlight to a patio collection. (Plot 49)
9. Ptychosperma furcatum is a palm native to Papua, New Guinea where it grows in lowland rainforests. This species may be clustering or a single trunked palm. The slender stems grow up to 15 feet tall and are 1 to 2 inches in diameter. Wedged-shape leaflets may be up to 18 inches long. After flowering the fruits turn from green to orange to red. It is quite rare in cultivation. This medium-sized palm can be grown in a container or planted in a shady, moist location. (Plots 144, 145)
10. Jacquinia keyensis, commonly called Joewood, is native to South Florida, the Keys, the Bahamas and the West Indies. Joewood is a shrub to small tree with 2" long, leathery leaves and fragrant white flowers. As they ripen, the small, pea-sized fruits turn from green to white to pale orange. It will often have fruit and flowers at the same time. This slow-growing species is rarely grown in cultivation, but its sturdy growth, dense crown of foliage and delightfully fragrant flowers make it an excellent choice for the home landscape. Usually less than 5' and seldom reaching more than 15' tall, it is an attractive shrub for a sunny or lightly shaded location. Joewood is found in a few locations in the pinelands of Everglades National Park, where it grows on limestone rock and is exposed to fire. This is one tough species. (Plot 22)
|Callicarpa americana flowers|
11. Callicarpa americana, beautyberry, is one of our most beautiful native shrubs. Beautyberry is a fast growing shrub to 6 feet tall. Clusters of pink flowers encircling the stems at the leaf axils are produced in the summer followed by vibrant clusters of bright purple fruits which remain on the plant for several months. Beautyberry attracts wildlife, particularly birds, to eat the fruit and the flowers attract bees. This native shrub looks best if it is cut back during May or June to encourage new growth. Beautyberry may be grown in full sun to light shade. (Plot 19 - butterfly gdn, 176 - Pineland)
|Callicarpa americana fruit|
12. Pachypodium rosulatum, yellow elephant’s foot plant, is native to the central plateau of Madagascar. It has vivid yellow flowers on long stems emerging from near the top of the branches. This species has a very interesting short and thick succulent, silver colored caudex branching into cylindrical arms with a few stout spines, and topped by a rosette of dark green leaves. It is a moderate grower, remaining under 3 feet tall, but an impressive specimen with a big caudex can be made quickly. Water this species sparingly in summer and plant in extra well-drained soil to avoid waterlogged conditions. Keep this species dry from November to March. It may lose its leaves and go dormant in winter. The bright yellow flowers appear from February through May. It grows best in full sun to light shade. (Plot 31)
2013 MEMBERS' DAY SALE PLANTS
In addition to the Distribution Plants for 2013, the following specially selected sale plants will be offered. Most may be purchased in whatever quantities you wish. It is first come, first served, so consider alternates. The sale plants are available in smaller quantities than the distribution plants described above. In addition, there will be many other species at the sale not mentioned here. My advice is to come early to get the best selection! We open parking in the lowlands at 7:30 am. Once parked, you may walk or ride a shuttle to the Cycad Vista where the lines form. The sale opens at 9:00 a.m. Many people bring their own plant cart or wheelbarrow. We will have plant valets to assist you.
Click on images to enlarge
Anthurium clavigerum is one of the most amazing anthuriums growing in Fairchild. It is native to wet forest habitats in parts of Central and South America. This is a climbing species with unique, spectacular palmately divided leaves up to 5 feet across with lobed margins. When mature, it will produce huge pendent inflorescences. This species should be planted in a shady, moist area next to a palm or tree with a trunk available for this anthurium to grow upon. (Plots 132, 133)
Jacquemontia pentanthos, known as skyblue clustervine, is one of our most beautiful native vines. At times this vine produces hundreds of lovely, small, sky-blue flowers. It is fast growing, showy and pest free. Skyblue clustervine is an excellent choice for growing on a chain link fence. It prefers a sunny, dry location.
|Photo by Roger Hammer|
Exostema caribaeum, known as princewood, is native to the Florida Keys, Bahamas, Central America, and the West Indies. Endangered in Florida, it is a small tree, seldom reaching 20 feet tall. Princewood has bright green recurved leaves and produces showy white flowers during our spring and summer months. Small woody capsules contain tiny winged seeds. This "prince" of a small tree is drought tolerant and grows best in full sun to light shade. If you are a native plant officianado, this is a tree you must have in your own garden. Princewood is small enough to fit in either a tiny yard or large estate. (Plot 24, east end)
Clerodendrum splendens, flaming glorybower, is one of the most impressive flowering vines in Fairchild. Located at the northern end of the pergola, this vine is covered in clusters of vivid red flowers from January through May. Flaming glorybower grows best with some support such as a large trellis, wall or fence.
Euphorbia leucocephala, little Christmas flower, is native to Central America. Fragrant little flowers with glistening, white bracts completely cover this shrub in December. A second flowering may occur in March. Flowering is apparently controlled by photoperiod or daylength, just like the flowering of its relative, the poinsettia. The little Christmas flower should be planted away from any outdoor lighting to insure long nights which are necessary for flowering. This shrub grows as tall as 12 feet, but may be pruned to control its height. Little Christmas flower grows and blooms best in a hot, sunny, dry location. It will not tolerate flooding. (Plot 41a)
|Photo by Marilyn Griffiths|
Habranthus robustus, rain lily, is a lovely native of South America. The name rain lily refers to the fact that this plant blooms several times in the summer after heavy rainfall. This form has proven to grow best in light shade. It may be grown from seeds or bulbs. This is a great addition for planting under a tree or large shrub.
Petrea volubilis, known as Queen's wreath, produces masses of blue to purple flowers in spring and during other dry periods as well. Queen's wreath, reminiscent of wisteria, thrives in a hot, sunny location. This vine may be grown on a trellis, fence, or wall or trimmed as a scrambling shrub with no support. (Plot 137 - behind the Gallery bldg)
Portlandia grandiflora is a beautiful evergreen shrub reaching six to eight feet tall. It is native to limestone areas of Jamaica. Commonly called bell flower, it produces large, showy, six-inch long, bell-shaped white flowers which are fragrant at night. Like other members of the gardenia family, it produces dark green, lush foliage which contrasts nicely with the pure white flowers. It is best grown in light shade in an area that receives irrigation. The flora of Jamaica is known for having beautiful plants and this portlandia is truly a jewel. Our plant near the pergola flowers nearly all year. (Plots 8 and 24)
Salvia coccinea, tropical sage, is native to southeastern U.S. and tropical America. Bright red flowers are produced on 12 to 16 inch long spikes nearly all year. Both hummingbirds and butterflies visit the nectar-filled flowers. This wildflower grows best in a sunny location with well drained, organic soils. (Plot 19b)
Croton linearis, a native of South Florida pine rocklands and coastal areas, is commonly known as pineland croton. This 2’ to 6’ tall semi-woody shrub has dark green linear leaves with white or golden hairs on their lower surface. Small white flowers and small dry fruits which pop open when ripe are present all year. Pineland croton is the larval food plant for the Bartram’s Hairstreak and the Florida Leafwing butterflies. This shrub grows best in a sunny, dry location. Once established it requires no supplemental irrigation. (May be seen in FTBG pineland.)
Portlandia latifolia is endemic to Jamaica where it grows on limestone cliffs and rocky thickets. It is a tidy shrub to 8' tall, with cream colored flower buds opening to pure white, trumpet-shaped flowers among the glossy, dark green leaves. The flowers, which are wonderfully fragrant during the night and early morning, appear from spring into fall. This species grows easily in our limestone soils and should be planted in a lightly shaded location. Occasional irrigation during prolonged dry periods may be necessary. (In FTBG plants are growing in Plots 24, 49, 130, 146).
Senna mexicana var. chapmanii, known as Bahama senna, is native to South Florida, the Bahamas and Cuba. It is a small shrub to 6 feet tall with yellow flowers nearly all year. Bahama senna is a larval host plant for several butterflies, including the orange-barred sulphur, sleepy orange sulphur and cloudless sulphur. It grows best in full sun to light shade. Bahama senna is a wonderful choice for all butterfly gardens. (Plot 19a)
Aloysia virgata, sweet almond, is a relatively new introduction to Fairchild, but immediately has become a much-admired shrub. Native to South America, sweet almond is a shrub to 12 feet tall and 8 feet wide. Sweet almond is fast growing with slightly cascading branches and spikes of very fragrant white flowers. The sweet fragrance is the most popular feature of Aloysia. Trimming is recommended in order to produce a fuller shrub. Flowering occurs throughout the year. Grow in full sun to light shade. (Plots 49, 33)
Anthurium plowmanii is a very distinctive and beautiful bird's nest anthurium. It ranges from western and northern Brazil into Peru, Bolivia and Paraguay where it is commonly found in dry forest zones. It is an epiphytic or epilithic species. For those unfamiliar with botanical terms, an epiphyte is a plant that normally grows attached to another plant, in this case on the branches of a tree. An epilithic species is one capable of growing attached to stone. The leaves of Anthurium plowmanii can grow as long as 3 feet. The leaves spread laterally in a rosette fashion. The blades of Anthurium plowmanii are distinctive in that they possess wavy leaf margins. The upper surface of the leaf is matte to semi-glossy in appearance. Although a variable species with a variety of forms, the blade should be dark green in color with the underside appearing matte to only slightly glossy.
Zamia integrifolia, coontie, is our only native cycad. Once locally abundant in Florida, it is now uncommon and threatened by urban development. The stems, after suitable treatment, were used as a source of starch by the Seminole Indians; a small starch extraction industry was established in South Florida in the 1850s. Coontie is a small cycad, with much-branched, underground stems. The leaves are a favorite larval food for the rare Atala butterfly. It grows in full sun to light shade. New growth appears each spring, although if cut back, new leaves may be generated at any time. (Plots 124, 136, 19B. 19A)
2010 Plant of the Year
Muhlenbergia capillaris, muhly grass, is South Florida’s most ornamental native grass. It forms awe inspiring clouds of pink plumes when it blooms most abundantly in the fall months. This can be witnessed in the Everglades, when prairies are transformed from waves of gold to deep purple and then pink at the end of the blooming season. The grass forms round, airy clumps 18-36 inches tall and wide, that are especially attractive in groupings or with other native grasses. When planted densely it can be used as a groundcover and muhly grass makes an excellent accent in palm plantings, as seen in plot 54 below the overlook. It grows best with full sun and moisture but once established, can tolerate short periods of drought and exposure to salt water and spray. Muhly grass also has low nutrient requirements and tolerates poor soils, making it an outstanding low maintenance plant for South Florida. (Plots 87, 176)
Baccharis dioica, known as hammock groundsel, was at one time found in south Florida, but is now believed to be extirpated in the wild in Florida. It is also native to the West Indies and southern Mexico. Hammock groundsel produces clusters of fragrant, white flowers with distinctive yellow stamens from August through September. As a member of the Asteraceae family, it produces flowers which attract several kinds of butterflies, including Cassius blue and hairstreaks. This shrub has small leaves and typically grows three to 6 feet tall to form a really nice rounded, dense screen. (Plots 43, 45, 50)
Nashia inaguensis, known as Moujean tea, is a Bahamian shrub to 8' tall. Small fragrant white flowers are nestled among the tiny, shiny leaves. After flowering, small orange colored fruit are produced. It is an excellent shrub for a sunny, dry location. We have noticed the rare Atala and Malachite butterflies feeding on the nectar of the flowers. This plant can also be pruned and trained as a Bonsai. (Plots 102, 164)
Passiflora suberosa, corkystemmed passion flower, is one of our best native plants for attracting butterflies to your garden. This vine may be grown as a ground cover or allowed to climb upon a low structure or shrubs. It is the larval host plant for gulf fritillary, julia and zebra longwing butterflies who linger around this vine, searching for new growth to lay their eggs. Birds will visit this vine to eat the tiny dark purple fruits. The corkystemmed passion flower may be grown in full sun to light shade.
Glandularia maritima, beach verbena, is a fabulous purple-flowered groundcover. Endemic to peninsular south Florida, it is an endangered species. Beach verbena typically grows 4 to 12 inches tall and prefers a sunny, dry location. Butterflies visit the nectar-filled flowers.
Ocimum campechianum is a species of basil native to South Florida and the West Indies, although it is endangered here. It may be found growing in habitats such as pine rocklands or on the sunny edge of a hammock. Your nose may detect this wild basil before it is seen, as it yields an incredible warm, spicy aroma. This basil may grow from one to two and a half feet tall. Once established, it prefers a sunny, dry location: the warmer the location, the more intense the fragrance. Although living only ten to twelve months, it re-seeds readily and will provide a steady supply of sun-tolerant, cold tolerant, and drought tolerant basil.
Psychotria nervosa, wild coffee, is an excellent small shrub that can be grown as a screen, a short hedge, or just to fill in a shady location. The glossy, bright green textured leaves, white flowers and vivid red fruits attract butterflies to sip the nectar of the flowers and birds to dine on the fruit. Wild coffee may be grown in shade to full sun. (Plot 64, north end)
2012 Plant of the Year
Oxera pulchella, native to the dry forests of New Caledonia, is known as royal creeper. Our stunning specimen was planted on the vine pergola in 1996 and has grown to become one of our most spectacular vines. The dark green, shiny leaves provide a perfect background for clusters of luminous white, tubular flowers. A late winter bloomer, royal creeper begins flowering in February and continues through April. It doesn’t seem to mind chilly weather, in fact, during our very cold winter of 2010, it was covered with flowers and showed no cold damage. Plant this beauty in full sun to partial shade with a sturdy support.
Pimenta racemosa, bay rum, is native to northern South America and the West Indies. The dark green, shiny evergreen leaves produce a wonderful spicy aroma throughout the year when crushed. The trunk and main branches have interesting bark, which peels to expose lighter shades. It is a small to medium sized upright tree 15-25’ tall. Fragrant white flowers are followed by black oblong berries. Pimenta racemosa leaves contain aromatic oil similar to clove. This essential oil is extracted from the leaves through distillation. It is an ingredient of bay rum cologne. Lemon-scented bay rum is a naturally occurring form of Pimenta racemosa. This species is best grown in full sun. Once established, it is drought tolerant. Add a uniquely fragrant plant to your garden; plant a bay rum tree!
Pavonia bahamensis, from the Bahamas, is a shrub to 15' tall. A member of the hibiscus family, it produces small, nectar-filled, yellow-green flowers that hummingbirds find hard to resist. This shrub is best grown in full sun to very light shade. In the Bahamas, pollinators of Pavonia are Bananaquits and Bahama Woodstars. Several years ago, there was a Bananaquit sighted near our Pavonia in the lowlands. Birders from all over the country came to see the rare bird and add it to their life list. Four years ago a rare buff-bellied hummingbird was also sighted at Fairchild, feeding on the nectar of our Pavonia bahamensis for a few weeks. Ruby-throated and rufous hummingbirds are the most commonly seen species that visit Pavonia in South Florida.
|Photo by Roger Hammer|
For those who love south Florida's native grasses, Sorghastrum secundum, lopsided Indiangrass, is one of our most beautiful. When in flower, this 2-3 foot tall grass, produces an inflorescence that sparkles in the late afternoon sun. Native to pine rocklands, lopsided Indiangrass is perfect for a native grass meadow or prairie.
Everyone should have this plant in their yard! What plant, you ask? I have a lady of the night, Brunfelsia nitida planted near the east side of my house. It has been there about seven years. It is absolutely, positively one of my favorite plants. The flowers are tubular, opening white and gradually turning shades of yellow. Masses of flowers are produced by the 4' tall shrub, on a monthly basis during our rainy season. The leaves are a deep green, always dark green. It never shows any insect, disease or nutritional problems. It does not grow huge and need constant pruning. This shrub is called lady of the night because of the incredibly spicy fragrance of the flowers, usually present only after dark, but I've discovered that as the flowers age over a few days, the fragrance is produced earlier each evening. It may be grown in light shade to full sun. (Plot 8)
Click on map to enlarge.
Please continue to check this page. I will add updates as I add to the sale list. The plants described above just represent just a small portion of what species will be available at the Members' Day Plant Sale. I hope to see you there! If you have any questions, please contact me: email@example.com
Page created 8/12/13 Page updated 9/19/13