October 5, 2002, 9:00 a.m. to 1:00 p.m.
Once again I am delighted to offer a selection of plants from around the world: the 2002 Distribution Plants. The palms, trees and shrubs I have chosen are well-suited to growing conditions in South Florida. None are wild-collected; they have been propagated from plants growing at Fairchild, plants that our Center for Tropical Plant Conservation scientists and horticulturists have searched out over the years to strengthen our collections.
Visit the Garden to look at the mature plants and decide which would fit your home landscape. While you may purchase only a limited number of Distribution Plants or "blue tag" sale plants, there will be many other plants for sale. This year we are distributing some very rare natives, including Vallesia antillana, Alvaradoa amorphoides, and, once again, Pimenta racemosa, the lemon-scented bay rum tree.
Plan an early start; lines form quickly, and while we have a good supply, it is not endless. Along with other staff members and knowledgeable volunteers, I'll be available to advise you on site selection, planting and growing.
Mary Collins, Senior Horticulturist
|Brunfelsia plicata is a small, erect eight-foot shrub endemic to Jamaica. The sturdy, dark green leaves make a good background for the showy, white flowers. Appearing in profusion several times during the year, they waft forth a spicy, clove-like fragrance at dusk. Stems tend to be upright, but the uppermost ends of the branches cascade down, giving the plant a vase-like shape. Grow it where it will receive morning sun and afternoon shade. (Plots 27, 52)|
|Euphorbia leucocephala, little Christmas flower, is native to Central America. Fragrant little flowers with glistening, white bracts completely cover this shrub in December. A second flowering may occur in March. Flowering is apparently controlled by photoperiod, just like the flowering of its relative, the poinsettia. The little Christmas flower should be planted away from any outdoor lighting. This shrub grows as tall as 12 feet, but may be pruned to control its height. It grows and blooms best in a hot, sunny, dry location. (Plot 41)|
|Portlandia grandiflora is an evergreen shrub reaching six feet tall. It is native to limestone areas of Jamaica. Commonly called bell flower, it produces showy, six-inch long, bell-shaped white flowers which are fragrant at night. Like other members of the gardenia family, it produces dark green, lush foliage which contrasts nicely with the pure white flowers. It is best grown in light shade in an area that receives irrigation. (Plots 8, 24, 25)|
|Suriana maritima, bay-cedar, a fine-textured, spreading shrub, is native to the coastal counties of central and southern Florida. A distinguishing feature of bay-cedar is the arrangement of gray-green or yellow-green, downy leaves at the ends of the branches. The narrow, paddle-shaped individual leaves are only about an inch long. Small, five-petaled yellow flowers nestled among the soft leaves usually appear during spring and early summer months. In Florida, bay-cedar is often found growing on dunes or rocks near the shoreline where it is exposed to high winds, shifting sands, and salt spray, and is sculpted into interesting shapes. Plant this shrub in a bright, sunny location. (Keys Coastal Habitat)|
|Synsepalum dulcificum, known as miracle fruit, is an evergreen shrub native to tropical west Africa. Small, white flowers appear throughout the year, followed by vivid red fruit. After eating the small, red fruits, you can eat anything that normally tastes sour, such a lime or lemon, and it will taste sweet to you, with absolutely no trace of sourness. This effect can last an hour or more. This interesting phenomena is the reason Synsepalum dulcificum is given the name miracle fruit. This species requires acid soil. In fact, growing in a container with a well-drained, acid soil mix in partial shade is highly recommended. This unique plant, a great topic of conversation, is not likely to grow more than five feet tall. (Conservatory)|
Rarely Offered for Sale!
Vallesia antillana, pearlberry, is a dense shrub reaching eight feet tall at maturity. It is native to the Florida Keys, Cuba, Jamaica, and Hispaniola. Considered endangered in Florida, this enchanting shrub produces white flowers that appear like small stars among the lush, dark green leaves. Elegant pearl-like fruits are produced throughout the warm months. Pearlberry is best grown in light shade. It is salt tolerant. (Plot 47)
|Rarely Offered for Sale!
Alvaradoa amorphoides is an endangered species in Miami-Dade county in South Florida, where it is found in only a few hammock and pine land locations. It is also native to the West Indies, Mexico, Central America, and South America. It forms a V-shaped shrub or small tree with jointed, fine-haired twigs and small, pinnate leaves with numerous round, delicate leaflets. In early winter, inflorescences appear, consisting of many tiny, greenish-white flowers on conspicuous hanging racemes. Female plants produce delicate, showy racemes of green to red samaras. Alvaradoa may be planted in full sun to light shade. This species is a wonderful addition to native landscapes. (Keys Coastal Habitat)
|Guapira discolor, blolly, is native to South Florida, the West Indies, Jamaica and the Bahamas. It is a small to medium-sized tree reaching 30 feet, with a dense, rounded crown. The evergreen, glossy leaves are variable in shape and size. Female trees produce small, showy, red fruits during the summer. A very adaptable tree, it is found in many habitats in Florida including hammocks, pine lands, and along the coast. Often overlooked for landscaping use, the blolly is useful for both formal and informal situations, in full sun to light shade. Birds savor the fruit. (Keys Coastal Habitat, Plot 96)|
|Rarely Offered for Sale!
Pimenta racemosa, the very popular lemon-scented bay rum tree, is closely related to allspice. It is a small to medium-sized tree reaching 25 feet at maturity. It is native to Jamaica. The evergreen leaves, when crushed, emit a wonderful, lemony, bay rum scent. The trunk and main branches have exfoliating bark, which exposes lighter-hued inner bark. White flowers are followed by black oblong berries. This species may be grown in full sun to light shade. (Plot 45)
|Licuala lauterbachii var. bougainvillensis is native to Bougainville Island, one of the Solomon Islands. It has a single, slender trunk and finely divided palmate leaves. This exotic palm from an exotic tropical isle could be a great focal point in your garden! (No specimen at Fairchild)|
|Licuala sp. 60627 is a slender, petite palm with an elegant single trunk. It reaches six feet tall at maturity. This palm prefers a shady, moist location. A showy spray of red fruit appears during the summer. This Licuala would be a lovely addition to any established shady landscape. (Plot 131)|
|Satakentia liukiuensis is a beautiful palm endemic to the Ryukyu Islands of Japan. A lush crown of ten-foot long, dark green, pinnate leaves tops an exquisite crownshaft: smooth, lustrous, and dark red to mahogany green. In Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden, a 30-year old plant is 20 feet tall, with a trunk twelve inches in diameter. The straight, gray-brown trunk provides a foil to the colorful crownshaft and leaves. Pink inflorescences bear slightly fragrant, cream-colored flowers which give way to small, yellow fruits. Grow it in full sun to partial shade. (Plot 75)|
|Adiantum tenerum, brittle maidenhair, grows on or near moist limestone rock. It is found in South Florida and throughout tropical America. Endangered in Florida, it is occasionally found growing in rockland hammocks and sinkholes. Brittle maidenhair has upright, very slender, black stems topped by arching leaves which flutter in a soft breeze. New growth may be pinkish. Plant in any well-drained soil top dressed with crushed coral rock. Keep soil moist. This species may be grown in shade to bright filtered light. Cut back all foliage at the beginning of the rainy season; new pink foliage emerges quickly. (Conservatory)|
|Anthurium bonplandii ssp. cuatrecasii is native to southern Colombia, where it may be found on granite boulders or granitic soils in tropical dry, tropical moist, and premontane wet forest habitats. In South Florida, this attractive birds-nest type species may be grown as an epiphyte or planted in our loose rocky or sandy soils. This anthurium produces erect, paddle-shaped, leathery leaves to four feet long. It will grow in shade to nearly full sun. (Conservatory)|
|Dietes iridioides, native to South Africa, is a member of the iris family with sword-shaped leaves to one foot long and fragrant flowers. The flowers are white with yellow-orange nectar guides and pale blue to purple inner petals. The delicate flowers last only a day, but the plant continues to form new blooms for long periods of time during spring months. You may tuck this plant into any lightly shaded location among other shrubs and trees. (No specimen at Fairchild)|
|Ocimum campechianum is a species of basil native to South Florida and the West Indies, although it is endangered here. It may be found growing in habitats such as pine rocklands or on the sunny edge of a hammock. Your nose may detect this wild basil before it is seen, as it yields a warm, spicy aroma. This basil may grow from one to two and a half feet tall. Once established, it prefers a sunny, dry location: the warmer the location, the more intense the fragrance. Although living only ten to twelve months, it re-seeds readily and will provide a steady supply of sun-tolerant, cold tolerant, and drought tolerant basil. (No specimen at Fairchild)|
|Photos: Mary Collins|
|Distribution Plants 2002|
|10||Licuala lauterbachii var. bougainvillensis||$18|
|11||Licuala sp. 60627||$18|
|14||Anthurium bonplandii ssp. cuatrecasii||$16|
We will offer selected cultivars of mangos, including 'Lancetilla,' which produces large, bright red fruit with fiberless flesh and an intensely sweet, aromatic flavor; 'Vallenato,' from Colombia, which also produces deep red fruit with firm, nearly fiberless, juicy flesh and a rich, sometimes spicy flavor; 'Bailey's Marvel,' a mid-season cultivar with large, colorful fruit and an excellent flavor; 'Florigon,' a pure yellow, early season cultivar with an excellent flavor and good disease tolerance; 'Phimsen Mun,' the premier Thai mango for eating mature green; and 'Keitt,' an excellent late season cultivar with superior quality, manageability, yield and disease tolerance. Also available will be carambola or star fruit (Averrhoa carambola) 'B10,' a rapidly-growing small tree which produces fruit valued for its appearance and sweet flesh, and Pouteria campechiana 'Bruce' (canistel), an evergreen tree native to Central America with fruit similar to cooked pumpkin.
Brassiophoenix drymophloeoides, from New Guinea, is a single trunk species with attractive wedge-shaped leaflets and clusters of bright yellow fruits. Chamaedorea glaucifolia, from southern Mexico, has a slender trunk and delicate, plumose blue-green leaflets. Chelyocarpus chuco, from Bolivia and Brazil, is a clustering species useful as a dense screen or background specimen in the landscape. Coccothrinax proctorii, Proctor's silver palm, is a native of the Cayman Islands. Copernicia macroglossa, the petticoat palm, comes from Cuba. Pseudophoenix sargentii, the endangered buccaneer palm, is native to the Florida Keys. Wallichia sp., from Southeast Asia, is a clustering species reaching eight feet tall, with wedge-shaped leaflets. Also offered: Coccothrinax crinita (old man palm), Copernicia hospita, C. baileyana (Bailey palm) and Licuala spp.
TREES & SHRUBS
Brunfelsia densifolia, the Serpentine Hill rain tree of Puerto Rico, has yellow, tubular flowers most numerous in the spring and summer. Cananga odorata, the ylang-ylang tree, is the source of essential oils used in perfumes. Casearia nitida is a shrub to small tree with a neat, conical shape. During a brief deciduous period in spring, it is covered by masses of fragrant, white flowers. Couroupita guianensis, the cannonball tree, is a large tree requiring a sunny location. (Due to the need for special cross pollination, this species is rarely available.) Lonchocarpus violaceus var. violaceus, from Trinidad, produces masses of purple flowers in October and November. They have an enticing scent, reminiscent of lilacs. Our everbearing clone of Morus nigra, black mulberry, produces tasty black fruit on new growth (stimulate by pruning). Musella lasiocarpa, a banana relative from southern China, produces a stunning, yellow, artichoke-shaped inflorescence. It can be grown in a large container. Nashia inaguensis, a Bahamian shrub with orange fruits, tiny leaves and small white flowers, attracts the rare Atala butterfly. Pavonia bahamensis, a member of the hibiscus family, produces nectar-filled, small, yellow flowers which are irresistible to hummingbirds. Phaius tankervilliae, nun's orchid, is a terrestrial species which produces an inflorescence to four feet tall with numerous, large, showy flowers. Sabinea carinalis, carib wood, is a shrub to small tree from Dominica, which produces masses of scarlet red flowers in March or April. Also offered: Brownea aff. ariza, Cassia roxburghii (Ceylon senna), Pavonia multiflora.
Photo: copyright Kirsten Llamas
|Lonchocarpus violaceus var. violaceus|
Calyptranthes zuzygium, myrtle-of-the-river, is a medium sized tree that produces fruit that is very attractive to birds. Coccothrinax argentata, Florida silver palm, has deeply divided palmate leaves that shimmer in the light. Flaveria linearis, yellowtop, is a wildflower which produces yellow flowers all year. Guaiacum sanctum, lignum vitae, is one of our showiest, most durable, native shrubs. Muhlenbergia capillaris, muhly grass, produces cloud-like purple plumes from September through November. Prunus myrtifolia, West Indian cherry, is a medium-sized tree with small, white flowers followed by black fruits in the summer. Psychotria nervosa and P. sulzneri, wild coffee, are shrubs with interesting foliage and bright red fruits. Randia aculeata, white indigo berry, a relative of gardenia, produces small, fragrant flowers followed by fruits which are white on the surface and indigo blue within. Rapanea punctata (formerly Myrsine floridana) is a shrub to small tree which flowers along the stems and is very tolerant of sunny, dry conditions. Sabal palmetto, the cabbage palm and our state tree, is an excellent wildlife attractor and one of our most durable plants, with high salt, wind, and drought tolerance. Also offered: Ardisia escallonioides (marlberry), Eugenia axillaris (white stopper), Eugenia rhombea (red stopper), Forestiera segregata (Florida privet), Krugiodendron ferreum (black ironwood), Myrcianthes fragrans (Simpson's stopper), Reynosia septentrionalis (red ironwood).
Aquatic plants of all kinds, including floating types, emergents (those with leaves held above the water), and water lilies will be available. Many of these lovely plants will thrive in large, waterproof containers, so plan a combination of pot and plant to suit your patio.
|Ludwigia sediodes mosaic plant|
ADDITIONAL SALE PLANTS
Butterfly attracting plants: Asclepias curassavica, Passiflora suberosa, Nashia inaguensis.
Vines: Congea tomentosa, Passiflora vitifolia, Saritaea magnifica, Stephanotis floribunda.
Herbaceous plants: Anthurium podophyllum, Anthurium spp., Begonia cultivars, Costus spp.
|Photos: Richard Campbell, Mary Collins, Kirsten Llamas, Suzanne Kores|
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