October 6, 2001, 9:00 a.m. to 1:00 p.m.
Once again I am delighted to offer a selection of plants from around the world: the 2001 Distribution Plants. The palms, trees and shrubs I have chosen are well-suited to growing conditions in South Florida. None are wild-collected; they have been propagated from plants growing at Fairchild, plants that our Center for Tropical Plant Conservation scientists and horticulturists have searched out over the years to strengthen our collections.
Below are some of many of the plants being offered, or look at the mature plants at the Garden, and decide which would fit your home landscape. While you may purchase only a limited number of Distribution Plants or "blue tag" sale plants, there will be many other plants for sale. We have a broad selection of native plants, which besides being handsome landscape plants, have the bonus of attracting birds and other wildlife.
There is also an excellent selection of fruit trees offered through the Citrus Replacement Program.
Plan an early start; lines form quickly, and while we have a good supply, it is not endless. Along with other staff members and knowledgeable volunteers, I'll be available to advise you on site selection, planting and growing.
Mary Collins, Senior Horticulturist
Although we have good supplies of these plants at the time of printing, there may be changes in this list due to conditions beyond our control.
|Chamaedorea glaucifolia is native to southern Mexico. Its slender, dark green, solitary trunk measures only one to two inches in diameter, but it can grow to more than 15 feet tall. Delicate pinnate leaves of four to six feet ascend towards the forest canopy. Very slender, glaucous green leaflets grow in many directions along the rachis, giving a plumose effect. Female plants produce black fruits on an orange infructescence. This species should be grown in a shaded, moist location. (Plot 149)|
|Chelyocarpus chuco, a species native to areas of lowland rainforest in Bolivia and Brazil, has clustering trunks, but single trunks occur occasionally. The leaves are used for thatching and to weave hats. Our plants, growing in the amphitheater area since 1967, have produced a large, full cluster twelve feet across. The bright green, palmate leaves are divided into wedge-shaped leaflets. C. chuco may eventually grow 20 to 25 feet tall, making a dense screen or background specimen. Plants grow best in a moist location in full sun to light shade. Supplemental irrigation may be needed during the dry season. (eastern end of Plot 76)|
|Cryosophila warscewiczii, native to Central America, is an interesting, single trunk species 20 to 30 feet tall. Its numerous, occasionally branched spines are derived from roots that grow along the trunk. At the end of elongated petioles are attractive palmate leaves, deeply divided into segments. On their lower surface, they are white to slightly glaucous. The root spines, more numerous near the base of the trunks, may be an adaptation to their native rainforest habitat. Showy white fruit follows inflorescences of greenish white flowers, all borne among the leaves. It should be grown in a moist shady location. (Plot 128C)|
|Pinanga coronata, native to Java and Sumatra, is a handsome, clustering species with ivory-hued crownshafts and leaf stems. Showy white to pale pink inflorescences are produced among the broad pinnate leaves. Clusters of small fruit are red when ripe. A wonderful palm for South Florida, it should be grown in a shady, moist location.|
|Ptychosperma schefferi, native to Papua, New Guinea and West Irian, is a fast growing, clustering species, 15 to 25 feet tall. The pinnate leaves have wedge-shaped leaflets. Young leaf sheaths are covered with white scales, which gives a woolly appearance. White flowers are followed by dark purple fruit on a yellow-orange infructescence. Grow it in a shady, moist location. (Plot 152)|
|Sabal yapa is native to western Cuba, the Yucatan Peninsula and Belize, where it is found in low lying areas on well-drained limestone soils. The Garden's specimens have been growing since 1962, surviving hurricanes, freezes, and floods. This durable species has a slender, grey-green trunk 8 to12 inches in diameter. The rough textured trunk is an excellent niche for epiphytes. The finely divided, slightly blue-tinted green leaves have gracefully drooping segments. This species is medium sized, with specimens 40 years old having 10 to 12 feet of clear trunk. Plants may be grown in full sun or light shade. (Plot 98)|
|Thrinax excelsa, Jamaican thatch palm, has a single trunk. It grows from 10 to 35 feet tall, with magnificent palmate leaves that reach seven feet across. The distinctive, large, glossy leaves make this an outstanding palm. It may be grown in light shade to full sun. Although they need no special care, it is advisable to stake young plants until established. In its native Jamaica, this species grows only in very well-drained sites far from the influence of salt spray. (Plot 101C)|
|Calyptranthes zuzygium, Myrtle-of-the-River, native to South Florida, the Bahamas, West Indies, and Tropical America, is a medium sized (to 20 feet) tree. The leaves are dark yellow-green and almost stemless, opposite, tapering to a point at the apex, and have slightly wavy margins. During the summer, small, greenish-white flowers appear, followed by small fruit which turns red, then blue and finally purplish-black. Birds are fond of the fruit. (Plot 45, Keys Coastal Habitat)|
|Rarely available for sale! Canella winterana, wild cinnamon bark, is native to South Florida, the Bahamas, and the West Indies. This small to medium sized evergreen tree reaches 25 feet tall, with a dense crown of glossy, dark green leaves. Clusters of small, dark red, fragrant flowers appear in late spring to early summer, followed by small, velvety, red fruits, which ripen from the winter through early spring. The dark red flowers and fruit nestled among the glossy green leaves are lovely. It grows well in full sun to shade and is moderately salt and drought tolerant. Seeds for distribution plants were collected from the Garden. (Plots 51, 153)|
Casearia nitida, native to the Bahamas, Cuba, Jamaica, and Hispaniola, is a shrub or small tree reaching 20 feet tall. It has a neat, conical shape with many slender branches and eye-catching shiny leaves. While briefly deciduous in spring, masses of fragrant, white flowers appear. These are followed by yellow fruit, which split open to expose seeds covered by orange arils. Grow in full sun to light shade. (West edge, Plot 164)
Photo: copyright Kirsten Llamas
|Colubrina arborescens, greenheart or snake-bark, is native to South Florida, the Bahamas, Central America, and the West Indies. Usually a small tree or shrub found in pine lands, greenheart may grow to 20 feet in a moist, shaded hammock. The shiny, dark green, elliptical leaves have a rusty pubescence on their lower surfaces. Small, yellow flowers are produced in clusters. The small, dry fruit are purple-black and pop open to disperse tiny, black seeds. Greenheart grows in full sun to shade, in moist or dry locations. (Plot 3A, Keys Coastal Habitat)|
|Prunus myrtifolia, West Indian cherry, is a slender tree 25 to 40 feet tall, with grey, roughened bark. When crushed, the dark green, elliptic to oblong-ovate leaves give off the aroma of almonds. Small, white flowers appear in winter, followed by black fruit in the summer. West Indian cherry, native to South Florida, Central America, and the Caribbean, is typically seen in hammocks. It may be grown in full sun to light shade.|
|Brunfelsia densifolia, Serpentine Hill rain tree, is a hardy, beautiful shrub endemic to Puerto Rico. It has simple, lanceolate leaves. Brunfelsia densifolia's yellow, tubular flowers are most prolific in the spring and summer, but occur to a lessor extent through the rest of the year. It produces orange fruit in the summer. It is native to dry areas with serpentine soil, which contains high amounts of magnesium, iron, nickel and chromium and little calcium and nitrogen. It has become endangered because of habitat loss through the clearing of land for agriculture. It thrives in South Florida landscapes with minimal care, growing in sun or part shade, preferring partial shade while young. Fertilize regularly with a complete fertilizer containing macro and micronutrients. (Plots 5 & 27)|
|Sabinea carinalis, Carib wood, is a shrub or small tree, 10 to 15 feet tall, endemic to the island of Dominica, West Indies. In March or April, it produces masses of scarlet flowers along slender, leafless stems. As the flowers are shed, new leaves emerge from the stems. Carib wood can be grown in partial shade to full sun. Established plants are well suited to dry locations. (Plot 192)|
|Tetrazygia bicolor, one of our most ornamental native shrubs, may be seen in pinelands or persisting in hammocks as a small tree. Distinctive leaves have three to five longitudinal ribs. Showy white flowers are produced in large terminal racemes during the summer, followed by black fruits in the late fall. The fruit are much sought after by birds. It may be grown in full sun to light shade. (Plot 3B)|
|Amorphophallus gigas is a rare giant from Sumatra and Indonesia. This species has the tallest inflorescence (up to 12 feet) of all the famous giant arums. A mature plant's single leaf also may reach 12 feet. At Fairchild we grow this tuberous plant in well-drained, moist, fertile potting media. It prefers bright filtered light. The tuber must remain in moist soil during its irregular dormant period. It is best grown in containers that can be protected below 50 degrees. (Conservatory)|
Sobralia sp. is a showy terrestrial orchid from Mexico. It is known for its lavender cattleya-like flowers. These flowers last one day, but the orchid can bloom many times during the year. Curiously, most plants at Fairchild flower on the same day no matter where they are located. Sobralia grows to two feet tall. It grows best in bright filtered light with moist well drained soil. Frequent fertilizing stimulates regular flowering. (Plot 130)
|Photos: Mary Collins, Suzanne Kores, Kirsten Llamas|
|Distribution Plants 2001|
Archontophoenix myolensis, the myola palm of Australia, has a blue-green crownshaft, and pinnate leaves with pendulous leaflets.Areca triandra, a rare clustering species from India and Malaysia, produces fragrant, lemony flowers followed by orange fruits. Bentinckia nicobarica, native to the Nicobar Islands, is a slender species with a graceful crown of pinnate leaves, often twisting along the rachis. Brassiophoenix drymophloeoides, from New Guinea, is a single trunk species with attractive wedge-shaped leaflets and clusters of bright yellow fruits. Coccothrinax proctorii, Proctor's silver palm, a native of the Cayman Islands, has palmate leaves that are silver on their lower surface. It is drought and salt tolerant. Coccothrinax readii, a silver palm from Yucatan, grows in limestone or sand, sun or semi-shade, and tolerates salt and drought. Dypsis madagascariensis, with yellow-green flowers and purple fruit, tolerates many conditions, including salt. Licuala grandis has large, fan-shaped, pleated leaves and colorful red fruit. Ptychosperma lineare, from Papua New Guinea, is the perfect clustering palm for a shady location. Wallichia siamensis, from Thailand, is a clustering species with trunks reaching three feet tall and wedge-shaped leaflets.
The plants we offer of Bursera simaruba, the wonderful gumbo limbo tree, are grown from seedlings collected under the magnificent specimen by our front gate. Chiococca pinetorum, pineland snowberry, is a low, creeping shrub, extremely sun and drought tolerant, with small, white flowers and showy, white fruits. Our native silver palm, Coccothrinax argentata, is a beautiful palmate leaf species with flashy, silver undersides. Crossopetalum rhacoma, from South Florida, the Keys, and the West Indies, is a shrub to small tree with small leaves, small, white flowers and showy, red fruit relished by birds. Eugenia foetida, Spanish stopper, grows 15 to 25 feet tall and produces fruit much sought by birds. Eugenia rhombea, red stopper, rarely available for sale, is found in Florida only in the Keys. Yellowtop, Flaveria linearis, produces bright yellow flowers year round. Forestiera segregata, Florida privet, a shrub or small tree has a dense crown favored by birds for their nests. Jacquinia keyensis, Joewood, is a drought and sun tolerant shrub to small tree with fragrant white flowers and white to orange fruit. Muhlenbergia capillaris, muhly grass, produces cloud-like, purple plumes from September through November. Myrcianthes fragrans, Simpson's stopper, is a shrub to medium sized tree with fragrant white flowers and bright red fruits, and is a favorite of birds. Picramnia pentandra, bitterbush, has dark green, pinnate leaves setting off large, pendant clusters of green fruit, which ripen from red to black. Psychotria sulzneri, velvet-leafed wild coffee, is a shrub with clusters of greenish-white flowers and bright red fruits attractive to butterflies and birds. Randia aculeata, white indigo berry, can reach ten feet tall, with fragrant, white flowers and white fruit. Thrinax morrisii, Key thatch palm, is a small to medium sized palm, drought and salt tolerant, with bluish leaves with silver undersides.
|Jacquinia keyensis, mature plant above, detail below|
Look for a selection of superior tropical fruit cultivars chosen by Noris Ledsema, Citrus Replacement Program Manager, to meet the needs of South Florida home gardeners. Learn about the best fruit species and cultivars, and how to use the fruit. Sample refreshing drinks, milkshakes and other products using these fruits, then choose for yourself.
Mamey sapote: Pouteria sapota, a tall, striking tree with spreading branches and small white flowers, produces soft, creamy, fiberless fruit. We will have special inverted-seed graft plants of 'Pantin' and 'Lorito.' Pouteria campechiana 'Bruce': Canistel, an evergreen tree native to Central America, tolerates sandy or limestone soils and is wind resistant. The fruit is similar to cooked pumpkin. 'Bruce,' selected in South Florida, will provide ample harvests of 3/4 pound fruit. Artocarpus heterophyllus 'NS-1' and 'Dang Rasimi': These seedling jackfruit trees of good parents from the Garden's genetic bank can produce fruit weighing 50 to 70 pounds. Averrhoa carambola 'B10': Carambola or star fruit, is a rapidly growing small tree which produces a fruit valued for its appearance and sweet flesh. Diospyros digyna 'Montgomery': Black sapote has a sweet flavor like chocolate pudding and ripens in early winter, a time when we have few tropical fruits to enjoy. Manilkara sapota 'O-1': Sapodilla is a spectacular tree with fruit with a flavor that is like a mixture of peaches, pears, brown sugar, cinnamon and a little brandy. The 'O-1' cultivar is among the best of Central American cultivars. Persea americana 'Russell': This avocado originated in Islamorada from the seed of a Cuban fruit. The fruit weighs up to three pounds, with yellow, fiber-free flesh. Litchi chinensis: Lychee is among the best trees for South Florida landscapes. 'Bengal' reaches 30 feet, bearing crops of delicious fruit occasionally. 'Early Large Red' produces excellent fruit with firm, sweet, flavorful flesh early in the season.
You can read more about these tropical fruit plants at www.fairchildgarden.org/Living Collections and Garden Landscapes/citrus-program.html
ADDITIONAL SALE PLANTS
Butterfly attracting plants: Asclepias curassavica (scarlet milkweed), Buddleia sp., Flaveria linearis (yellowtop), Montanoa mexicana, Nashia inaguensis and Passiflora cupraea
Vines (in very limited quantities): Congea tomentosa (shower-of-orchids), and Strongylodon macrobotrys (jade vine)
Trees & Shrubs: Brunfelsia nitida (lady-of-the-night), Bulnesia arborea (verawood), Euphorbia leucocephala (little Christmas flower), Justicia spicigera (Mexican indigo), Plumeria obtusa var. obtusa (Bahamian frangipani), Polygala oblongata, and Schotia brachypetala (tree fuchsia)
Herbaceous: Anthurium spp., Begonia spp. (many cultivars), Neomarica caerulea (tropical iris), and Spathoglottis plicata (ground orchid)
Cycads: Zamia vasquezii (formerly Z. fischeri)
|Zamia vasquezii (formerly Z. fischeri)|
|Photos: Mary Collins, Suzanne Kores|
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