October 3, 1998, 9:00 a.m. to 1:00 p.m.
Once again the time has arrived for Garden members to enjoy an exclusive benefit of membership and to select specially grown species from the 1998 Distribution Plants. While you may purchase only a limited number of Distribution Plants, there will be many other plants for sale. Along with other staff members and knowledgeable volunteers, I'll be available to advise you on site selection, planting and growing.
- Mary Collins, Horticulturist
Plant names are found by positioning the pointer over the image.
The selection of intriguing palms includes the hauntingly beautiful Cryosophila argentata, with its large, ivory-lined, dark green palmate leaves; Carpoxylon macrospermum, a lovely, rare palm from Vanuatu; and Kentiopsis oliviformis, a choice palm native to New Caledonia. Polyandrococos caudescens, the buri palm from Brazil, is a beautiful, medium-sized species crowned with dark green, pinnate leaves with a white lining, showy, yellow flowers, and orange fruit. We have an exceptional selection of rare palms, however, our supply is limited, so come early for the best choice.
We will offer several eye-catching flowering trees, including the ever-blooming yellow cordia, Cordia lutea. Senna polyphylla, also ever-blooming, is an excellent small tree for attracting many species of sulphur butterflies. We have some healthy specimens of Brya ebenus and Lagerstroemia speciosa, colorful, drought-tolerant, flowering trees.
Some of the hard-to-find tropical fruit trees being offered include a large-fruited form of jaboticaba (Myrciaria cauliflora) from southern Brazil, a grafted calabash (Crescentia cujete) which produces extremely large fruit and grafted sapodillas (Manilkara zapote) including Alano, OX, and Makok. Look for our selection of guava cultivars, many of which are seedless; Myrciaria vexator, a lovely tree with the bonus of tasty fruit; and choice specimens of the "caimito" Chrysophyllum cainito, a satinleaf relative with tasty fruit.
Plan to take home one of our star-quality shrubs. Choose from the delightful Euphorbia leucocephala, little Christmas flower, which produces masses of fragrant, snowflake-like white flowers in December and January; or the less familiar Nashia inaguensis, a fine small shrub with tiny, shiny leaves, small white flowers, and decorative orange fruits. This species, native to the Bahamas, is drought and salt tolerant. If you're trying to attract birds, you'll want a plant or two of Pavonia bahamensis, the premier hummingbird attractor. For your moonlight garden, choose Brunfelsia nitida, whose lovely fragrance is strongest at night.
Bird and butterfly gardeners will want to stock up on native plants. Those being offered include Hamelia patens, Cordia globosa, and Sophora tomentosa, all excellent bird and butterfly attractors. The red mulberry, Morus rubra, produces delicious sweet fruit loved by humans as well as other critters. Take home a couple of South Florida's satinleaf trees, Chrysophyllum oliviforme, with their lovely bi-colored leaves or a Lycium carolinianum, a shrub found on sand dunes, hammocks, and salt pond edges, and you'll please your eye as well as the birds' palates.
|Orchids at your feet! Choose from a rainbow of ground orchids (Spathoglottis plicata), in colors ranging from raspberry to whipped butter. Look also for the dramatic nun's orchid (Phaius tankervillae), which deserves a starring role in your garden. Other plants you'll find include Hedychium coccineum, a red flowering ginger, several species of Costus; and the butterfly ginger, Hedychium coronarium.|
Anthurium guayanum has short, broad, leathery leaves which reach three feet as they form a compact, birds-nest. New leaves change gradually from a dramatic, dark maroon to a rich, deep green color. The inflorescence, a dark purple spathe and spadix, gives way to red fruit. A. guayanum is a native of the Table Mountain region of Surinam and Venezuela. Grow it in a container on your patio or give it a star role planted in a shady location. (Conservatory, Plot 119)
Monocostus uniflorus is a charming, petite relative of the gingers. It seldom grows taller than 18 inches. Its slightly spiraling, slender stems are topped with soft, ovate leaves. You're sure to enjoy the large, bright yellow flowers, which have a white center and a crepe texture. A native of Peru, it may be container grown or planted in a shady, moist location. (Conservatory, Plot 27)
Neomarica caerulea is a tropical iris whose long, strapped-shaped leaves form a fan shape. Large, fragrant, blue flowers appear every few days in the fall and winter months, adding sparkle to your garden. This tropical American species prefers morning sun. It may be planted among other plants, and makes a good edging plant for a border. (not currently blooming in the Garden)
Tapeinochilos ananassae is a ginger with spiraling, semi-woody stems reaching five to six feet tall. Leaves radiate outward from the spiral. The pine-cone shaped inflorescence, produced on a separate stem, is red, waxy, and heavy-textured. Pure yellow flowers provide the perfect contrast. The so-called pineapple ginger should be grown in rich, well-drained soil with light shade and regular watering. (Conservatory)
Palms & Cycads
Areca triandra, a lush, clustering palm which is native to areas from India to Borneo, produces several slender, yet sturdy, stems topped with dark green, pinnate leaves. Delightfully fragrant, pale yellow flowers are followed by orange-red fruits. A. triandra will be at its best in a shady moist location, sheltered from northern wind exposure. (Plot 71 B)
Livistona saribus, a medium-sized, single trunked palm from Southeast Asia, has deeply segmented, palmate leaves with colorful orange-red petioles. This exceptional palm produces clusters of brilliant blue fruit, which provide a marvelous color contrast to the dark green leaves. You'll want to give it a place in light shade to full sun to see it at its best, however, provide light shade for young plants. (Plots 84, 85)
Zamia fischeri is a cycad which comes to us from Mexico. Leaflets with serrated margins form leaves 8-24 inches long. The soft, shiny, bronze-colored new leaves provide an eye-catching contrast to the green mature leaves. Female plants produce brown cones filled with red fruit. Fast growing and spineless, this popular cycad grows best in a shady, moist location and makes an excellent border or foundation plant. The larvae of the rare Atala butterfly feed on this species. (Plot 149)
Trees & Shrubs
Erithalis fruticosa, black torch, is a nicely-shaped shrub which will reach eight feet tall at maturity. In a mixed planting, its dense leaves provide screening. The ovate, evergreen leaves are a rich green, setting off the small, star-shaped, white flowers, which are produced year round. They are followed by shiny purple to black fruit. Native to South Florida, the Florida Keys, the West Indies, Mexico, and Central America, it is very salt tolerant. Find a place for it in full sun to light shade and you'll reap the rewards for many years. (Plots 197, 204)
Guaiacum sanctum, lignum-vitae, is a shrub or small tree native to the Florida Keys, the West Indies, and Central America to northern South America. The pinnate, evergreen leaves are a rich, dark green, making a great background for its dark blue flowers with their bright yellow stamens. Flowers cover the plant several times a year, followed by orange fruit which opens to expose black seeds and red arils. This slow-growing but long-lived species is adaptable to dry rocky areas in full sun to light shade. It is one of our finest native plants. (Plot 34, Corbin Courtyard, behind admissions booth)
Lantana involucrata, wild lantana, is native to South Florida, the Florida Keys, the West Indies, and Tropical America. This five-foot tall shrub has soft, light green, oval leaves which give off a spicy aroma when crushed. Lightly fragrant clusters of white to pink flowers followed by pink to lavender fruit are produced year round. Wild lantana may be grown in full sun to light shade. It attracts many kinds of butterflies, including skippers, gulf fritillary and hairstreaks, which feed on the nectar. Wild lantana is easy to grow and very drought tolerant. (Plot 204)
Lonchocarpus violaceus var. violaceus is a flowering tree native to dry hillsides in Trinidad. Plants often begin flowering when only five or six feet tall. Homesick northerners will love the scent, which is somewhat reminiscent of lilacs. Throughout October and November, masses of purple to pinkish mauve flowers are borne on six-inch racemes, making a wonderful show above the dark green pinnate leaves. Plant in full sun. (Plot 16)
Mussaenda incana is a very showy flowering shrub, with large white to pale yellow bracts and bright yellow, fragrant flowers. It blooms especially well during the warm months. A native of India and Malaysia, it may need cold protection during our brief winters. Grow it in light shade to full sun, and you will be delighted by its bright splash of color for many months each year.(Plot 24)
Myrcianthes fragrans, Simpson's stopper, a native of hammocks of South Florida and Tropical America, ranges in size from a shrub to medium-sized tree. Peeling gray to orange bark reveals an orange-brown inner bark. Crush the obovate, slightly leathery, leaves, and you will discover a pleasant aroma. Fragrant, white flowers are produced throughout the spring and summer. They are followed by red fruit that provide food for several species of birds, while the dense branches provide shelter. Plant one near a feeder or birdbath for shy birds such as painted buntings and cardinals to use as a safe haven.
Picramnia pentandra, bitter bush, is an evergreen shrub ten to fifteen feet tall. Dark green, pinnate leaves set off large, pendant clusters of fruit, which are green at first, then red and finally black. Native to South Florida and the West Indies, it is an excellent choice for a hammock planting or an open area among ground covers and trees. It may be grown in shade to full sun. P. pentandra is the larval food plant for the Dina sulphur butterfly. (Plots 24, 32B)
Pimenta racemosa, the lemon-scented bay rum tree, is closely related to allspice. It is a small to medium sized tree native to Jamaica. The evergreen leaves, when crushed, emit a wonderful, lemon-bay rum scent. The trunk and main branches have exfoliating bark which exposes lighter-hued inner bark. White flowers are followed by black oblong berries. This species may be grown in full sun to light shade. (Plot 45)
Rondeletia leucophylla, a small woody shrub reaching five feet tall at maturity, is a newcomer here in South Florida. It produces multiple clusters of pink fragrant flowers from December to June. Multitudes of butterflies flock to feed on its nectar, brightening the day. You'll enjoy this attractive plant most during the evening hours when its fragrance is most intense. This Mexican native grows well in light shade to full sun. (Plot 10 nectar garden)
Senna ligustrina, privet senna, is native to Florida and the West Indies. It is an upright shrub which reaches six feet tall. Light green, pinnate leaves set off golden yellow, inch-wide flowers which are followed by small, flattened seed pods. Privet senna attracts many of the species of sulphur butterflies, including the orange-barred and the large orange sulphur. This species may be grown in full sun to light shade. (None are found at the Garden.)
|1998 Distribution Plants|
|Palms & Cycads|
|Trees & Shrubs|
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