FIU/FTBG Research Ecologist
11935 Old Cutler Road
Miami, FL 33156 USA
Phone 305/667-1651, ext. 3417
Department of Environmental Studies
11200 SW 8th Street
Florida International University, Miami, Florida 33199 USA
I am a conservation ecologist with research interests in plant species at the two opposite ends of the abundance spectrum. Specifically, I study and contrast, when possible, reproductive ecology, species interactions, and the population dynamics and viability of rare and abundant species. The latter includes invasive species. The ultimate goal of my research is to generate insights into the species’ ecology to guide biodiversity conservation and management efforts. My current research addresses important environmental issues such as the impacts of global changes on rare orchid populations and conservation of heavily exploited plant species. I am also interested in rare plant restoration, especially of endangered orchids. I have first authored or co-authored more than 40 peer-reviewed articles on these subjects, with the majority in well-known journals. I have also authored two peer-reviewed book chapters.
Education and Training
Postdoctoral Research Scientist, Cooperative Agreement Program, University of Florida and Invasive Plant Research Laboratory, ARS, USDA (2005-2008).
Postdoctoral Researcher, Department of Biological Sciences, University of South Florida.(2003-2005).
Ph.D. Biology, Florida International University (2003). Dissertation: Population viability analyses of Chamaecrista keyensis, a narrowly endemic herb of the Lower Florida Keys.
M.S. Botany, Clemson University (1997).
B.S. Ecology, Nanjing University (1989).
Recent Publications (2008 - Present)
Ren, H., S. – G. Jian, Y. –J. Chen, H. Liu, Q. –M. Zhang, N. Liu, Y. Xu, and J. Luo. In press. Distribution, status and conservation of Camellia changii Ye (Theaceae), a critically endangered, endemic plant in southern China. Oryx.
Platt. S. G., R. M. Elsey, H. Liu, et al. In press. Frugivory and seed dispersal by crocodilians: An over-looked form of saurochory? Journal of Zoology.
Downing, J., and H. Liu. Self-incompatibility in Byrsonima lucida (Malpighiaceae), a threaterned pine rockland specialist. Castanea 78(2): 95-102.
Ren, H., Q. –F. Guo, H. Liu, et al. In press. Patterns of alien plant invasion across coastal bay areas in southern China. Journal of Coastal Research.
Liu, H., Y.-B. Luo, and Z. –J. Liu. 2013. Using guided commercialized cultivation models to promote species conservation and sustainable utilization: an example from the Chinese medicinal orchids. (以产业化促进可物种保护和可持续利用的新模式：以兰花为例). Biodiversity Science 21: 132-135. (Journal cover article, in Chinese with an English Abstract. This journal, in Chinese language only, ranks #4 among the biological journals in the country).
Liu, H., C. –L. Feng, B. –S. Chen, Z. –S. Wang, X. –Q. Xie, et al. 2012. Overcoming extreme weather events: successful but variable assisted translocations of wild orchids in southwestern China. Biological Conservation 150: 68-75. IF = 4.115; cited 2 times.
Downing, J., and H. Liu. 2012. Friend or foe? Impacts of the invasive oil-collecting bee on native, specialized plant-pollinator interactions in southern Florida. Biological Invasions 14: 2175-2185.
Pemberton, R.W. and H. Liu. 2011. Naturalized yellow cowhorn orchid, Cyrtopodium flavum (Orchidaceae), spreading in Florida. Journal of Botanical Research Institute of Texas 5: 331-335
Maschinski, J., M. Ross, H. Liu, J. O'Brien, E. J. von Wettberg, and K. E. Haskins. 2011. Sinking ships: Conservation alternatives for endemic taxa threatened by sea level rise. Climatic Change 107: 147-167.
Wang, Z. –S., H. Liu, W. –X. Xu, N. Wei, S. –Q. An. 2010. Genetic diversity in young and mature cohorts of cultivated and wild populations of Picea asperata Mast (Pinaceae), a spruce endemic in western China. European Journal of Forest Research 129: 719-728.
Liu, H., C. –L. Feng, Y.-B. Luo, B. –S. Chen, Z. –S. Wang, and H. –Y. Gu. 2010. Potential challenges of climate change to orchid conservation in a wild orchid hotspot in southwestern China. Botanical Review 76: 174-192.
Liu, H.-X., Y. –B. Luo, and H. Liu*. 2010. Studies of mycorrhizal fungi of Chinese orchids and their role in orchid conservation in China – a review. Botanical Review 76: 241-262 (*corresponding author).
Liu, H. and Y. –B. Luo. 2010. Protecting orchids in nature reserves: research and restoration needs. Botanical Review 76: 137-139.
Francisco-Ortega, J., F.-G. Wang, Z. -S. Wang, F. -W. Xing, H. Liu, H. Xu, W. -X. Xu, Y. –B. Luo, X. -Q. Song, S. Gale, D. E. Boufford, M. Maunder, and S.-Q. An. 2010. Endemic seed plant species from Hainan Island: A checklist. Botanical Review 76: 295-345.
Francisco-Ortega, J., Z. -S. Wang, F.-G. Wang, F. -W. Xing, H. Liu, H. Xu, W. -X. Xu, Y. –B. Luo, X. -Q. Song, S. Gale, D. E. Boufford, M. Maunder, and S.-Q. An. 2010. Seed plant endemism on Hainan Island: A framework for conservation actions. Botanical Review 76: 346-376.
Liu, F. –D., W. –J. Yang, Z. –S. Wang, Z. Xu, H. Liu, M. Zhang, Y. –H. Liu, S. –Q. An, S. –C. Sun. 2010. Plant size effects on the relationships among specific leaf area, leaf nutrientcontent, and photosynthetic capacity in tropical woody species. Acta Oecologica 36: 149-159.
Platt, S. G., H. Liu*, and C. K. Borg. 2010. Fire mortality among Florida Box Turtles (Terrapene carolina bauri) on National Key Deer Wildlife Refuge, Florida. Natural Areas Journal 30: 254-260 (*corresponding author).
Wang Z. –S., S. –Q. An, H. Liu* , J. Feng , F. Zhang, Y. Liu, Z.-F. Deng, N. Wei , C. Yan, S. Chen , S.-Y. Liu. 2009. Effects of stand regeneration management regimes and age on genetic structure of Quercus aquifolioides (sclerophyllous oak) in southwestern China. Forest Science 52:142-148 (*corresponding author).
Liu, H. and R. W. Pemberton. 2009. Invasive orchid bee outperforms co-occurring native bees to promote an invasive Solanum. Oecologia 159: 515-525.
Pemberton, R. W. and H. Liu*. 2009. Marketing time determines naturalization rates of horticultural plants in Florida. Ecology 90: 69-80. (*corresponding author).
Platt, S. G., C. Hall, H. Liu, and C. K. Borg. 2009. Wet season food habits and intersexual dietary overlap of Florida Box Turtles (Terrapene carolina bauri) on National Key Deer Wildlife Refuge, Florida. Southeastern Naturalist 8: 335-346.
Liu, H. and R. W. Pemberton. 2008. Pollination of an invasive and rewardless orchid (Cyrtopodium polyphyllum) by an invasive oil-collecting bee in natural and residential areas in Florida. Botany 88: 290-295.
Pemberton, R. W. and H. Liu*. 2008. Potential of invasive and native solitary specialist bee pollinators to help restore the rare cowhorn orchid (Cyrtopodium punctatum) in Florida. Biological Conservation 141: 1758-1764. (* corresponding author).
Liu, H. and R. W. Pemberton. 2008. Differential soil seed bank longevity of an invasive woody vine (Paederia foetida L) across three habitats in Florida. Journal of Torrey Botanical Society. 135: 391-496.
Pemberton, R. W. and H. Liu. 2008. A naturalized orchid bee pollinates resin reward flowers in southern Florida; novel and known mutualism. Biotropica 40: 714-718.
Pemberton, R. W. and H. Liu. 2008. The naturalization of the oil collecting bee Centris nitida (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Centrini), a potential pollinator of selected native, ornamental, and invasive plants in Florida. Florida Entomologist 91: 101-109.
Pemberton, R. W. and H. Liu. 2008. Naturalization of Dalechampia scandens in southern Florida. Caribbean Journal of Science 44: 417-419.
Recent Grants and Awards
Active Research Projects
List of courses taught at FIU and years in which they were taught:
Student advising at FIU:
Undergraduate research projects supervised:
Graduate thesis committees:
Graduate research projects supervised:
Brett Jestrew, Ph.D. Candidate, FIU-Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden graduate program, Summer 2009, A Conservation Genetics Study of Cymbidium cyperifolium (Orchidaceae) in southwestern China, funded by the NSF East Asia and Pacific Summer Institutes for Graduate Students.
Publications with or by graduate and undergraduate students:
Chapters in Books (Peer-reviewed)
Works in Progress (* graduate and ** undergraduate students under my supervision)
Course, Curriculum Development Activities:
Updated October 5, 2013