The library at Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden was formed in 1939, only a year after the garden's dedication, and based on generous donations from Colonel Robert Montgomery and George P. Brett. Since then, the library has grown into one of the best tropical botanic collections in South Florida, including both historical works and current research works. The Montgomery Library was originally housed in the Montgomery Library & Archives building, the first permanent structure built for the garden. It has since moved to several locations to provide more immediate access to users. The Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden library currently encompasses several major collections:
Montgomery Research Library - The research Library is the largest collection and includes about 12,000 non-circulating volumes focusing on tropical botany, taxonomy, and conservation. It is housed in the research building and open only to Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden staff, and Members by appointment. The collection includes books, journals, microfiche, maps, and reprints that support the research focus of the garden. A collection of rare books is housed in a separate room.
Members Library - The Members Library includes about 700 volumes focusing on south Florida horticulture and gardening. The collection is housed in the Visitor Center and is open to Members during regular garden hours. Garden Members may check out books from this collection.
David Bar-Zvi Horticulture Library - Over the past several years, the horticulture library, based on the personal collection of Dr. David Bar-Zvi, has grown to over 800 books that support the work of the horticulture department of Fairchild. The collection is housed in the Hawkes building and provides immediate access for those caring for the garden's plant collections.
Carl Campbell Library at Williams Grove - The library at Williams Grove grew from the personal library donated by Dr. Carl Campbell and his family and friends after his death in 2006.The library includes both historical and modern works on tropical fruit horticulture from around the world. The collection is located at the Williams Grove Tropical Fruit Genetic Facility (Homestead) and is open by appointment.
Archive - The Library is also home to the Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden Special Collections. This archive is located in the research building and includes not only the extensive archive of David G. Fairchild, but also the historical papers from the early years of Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden. In addition, the Archive includes the collections of over a dozen south Florida botanists and horticulturists. The Archive is available, by appointment, to researchers and scholars.