Javier Francisco-Ortega, MSc, PhD
Professor, Department of Biological Sciences,
Florida International University
Head of FIU/Fairchild Plant Molecular Systematics Laboratory,
Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden
Phone (Fairchild-Science Village): 305-667-1651
Phone (FIU): 305-348-2080
International Center for Tropical Botany (FIU - National Tropical Botanic Garden joint initiative)
FIU Kimberly Green Latin American and Caribbean Center
FIU Cuban Research Institute
Teaching at Florida International University or Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden
- General Biology 2 (BSC 1011). Dr. Ortega teaches the first part of this course.
- Biogeography (BSC 4303)
- Evolution (PSB 4674)
- Biodiversity in the Caribbean Basin (BSC 4363) FALL 2017
- Biodiversity of Tropical Islands (BSC 4361)
- Plant Molecular Systematics (BOT 5728)
- Plant Molecular Systematics Laboratory (BOT 5728L)
Education Activities at Fairchild
As an educator and plant researcher, I believe that scientists have strong responsibilities to the community and the environment. Fairchild has solid links with my university (Florida International University, FIU). As a result of these academic bridges, my laboratory is located in the The Paul and Swanee DiMare Science Village. The Garden hosts and supports my graduate students and provide them with great opportunities for their research results to be shared with the general public, Garden members, and school students and teachers. The education activities of my laboratory are rooted in our community and exemplify the vision and mission of Fairchild of "Exploring, Explaining, and Conserving the World of Tropical Plants." I teach undergraduate courses in the Garden and facilitate for my colleagues from FIU to make use of the Garden as a great educational resource.
Click here for the list of graduate students and alumni hosted in Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden
Current Graduate Students:
- Michael Calonje (Ph.D.): "Systematics of the New World genus Zamia (Zamiaceae)"
- Nichole Tiernan (Ph.D.): "Systematics of Caribbean Island Apocynaceae"
- Jonathan Flickinger (Ph.D.): "Systematics of Myrtaceae genera endemic to the Caribbean Islands"
Nicole Andrus (M.S., 2002), Hannah Thornton (M.S. 2003), Susan Carrara (M.S., 2004; Research Advisor: Dr. Richard Campbell), Nora Oleas (M.S., 2004; Research Advisor: Dr. Alan Meerow), Jennifer Trusty (Ph.D., 2004), Jeremy Moynihan (Ph.D., 2008), Brian Sidoti (M.S., 2007; Research Advisor: Dr. Scott Zona), Karen Laubengayer (M.S., 2008; Research Advisor: Dr. Scott Zona), Brett Jestrow (Ph.D., 2010), Nora Oleas (Ph.D., 2011; Research Advisor: Dr. Alan Meerow), Rosa Rodriguez (M.S., 2014)
List of student publications can be found in here
My main research interest is plant systematics with a focus on using molecular tools to establish phylogenetic relationships among taxa. However, I also use "traditional" tools to address systematic questions; they include electron microscopy, morphometrics, anatomy, natural products (micromolecules), nomenclature, and ecogeographical approaches. I also have an interest in conservation; therefore many of my projects focus on threatened (sensu IUCN) species. These projects use molecular markers tailored either for population genetics (microsatellites) or for phylogenetics (nucleotide sequences). Rooted in Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden's strong tradition and commitment to plant exploration, my studies have a strong field component and I also have a major interest in the history of plant exploration. The vast majority of my studies concern plants endemic to tropical and subtropical islands, and they are conducted in close collaboration with colleagues working on these islands. Finally, my research studies make extensive use of the unique living collections of tropical plants found at Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden. All of my studies are made in collaboration with colleagues from USA and other countries.
Research Themes and Current Research
My research activities focus on the following five themes. They link with the 80 year history of research and conservation at Fairchild.
- Cycad biodiversity, phylogenetics, and conservation
- Palm biodiversity, phylogenetics, and conservation
- Conservation and biodiversity of plants from tropical and subtropical islands with a main focus on the West Indies
- History of botany and plant exploration
Within these four themes, currently, I have the following "Active Research Projects:"
1. Plant Biodiversity, Conservation, and Environmental Education in Haiti
As part of the official agreements signed between the Jardin Botanique des Cayes, the National Botanic Garden of the Dominican Republic, and the College of Arts and Sciences of Florida International University we are developing three joint projects: (1) Capacity building for botanists, and environmental biologists from Haiti at the National Botanic Garden of the Dominican Republic; (2) Conservation biology of Haitian palms, and (3) Plant endemism in Haiti. These studies build on a 15 year fruitful collaboration established with the National Botanic Garden of the Dominican Republic and on the extensive field/taxonomic experience of Dominican Republic botanists. The Botanic Garden of the Dominican Republic has played a major role in ex situ conservation of Haitian endemics. The ultimate aim of these agreements is to provide solid educational and research foundations for the successful establishment of environmental education and botanical research activities in Hispaniola. This initiative is also developed in close partnership with Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden (Brett Jestrow). In May 2013 we received a grant from the Mohamed Bin Zayed Conservation Fund focusing on conservation biology of the Critically Endangered palm Coccothrinax jimenezii, a species in the verge of extinction with only two populations known (total of 61 individuals) and occurring in the Dominican Republic and Haiti (Palms 59: 145-153, 2015; Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 66: 216-223). Prior to this research we conducted a study concerning conservation biology and genetics of the Critically Endangered Haitian palm Pseudophoenix lediniana (Plant Systematic and Evolution 300: 2019-2027, 2014; Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 176: 469-485). Currently we have two active plant projects in Haiti, the first one focus (led by Brett Jestrow) on conservation and systematics of Tortuella (Rubiaceae) and its is funded by the Mohamed Bin Zayed Conservation Fund. This is a enigmatic genus endemic in Île de la Tortue in northern Haiti. The second project aims to develop a conservation action plan for the most threatened palm species of Haiti: Attalea crassispatha. The species is confined to southern Haiti and includes extensive field work, outreach, horticulture developments, and use of microsatellites to determine levels of genetic variation. This second project is funded by and it is being led by William Cinea (Jardin Botanique des Cayes) and it is being funded by the Prince Bernhard Nature Fund.
From left to right: Javier Francisco-Ortega, William Cinea, and Ricardo Garcia during signature of letter of intent between Botanic Garden of Cayes and the College of Arts and Sciences of Florida International University.
Clavija domingensis - A Critically Endangered Species from Haiti which is part of the ex situ conservation collections of the National Botanic Garden of the Dominican Republic.
Neobuchia paulinae- A Critically Endangered Species from Haiti growing in the National Botanic Garden of the Dominican Republic.
Pseudophoenix lediniana- A
Critically Endangered Species from Haiti growing in the National Botanic Garden of the Dominican Republic.
2. Plant Systematics and Conservation of Seed Plant Genera endemic to the Caribbean Islands Biodiversity Hotspot
Plants from the Caribbean Islands are in the core of the educational, horticulture, and research activities of Fairchild and they are one of the main priorities of my laboratory. We mostly focus on those genera that are endemic to the islands, many of them are critically endangered. Our studies show that they several of these threatened genera have unique phylogenetic patterns and are a priority for conservation. A review paper (Botanical Review: 73:183-234, 2007) published in collaboration with colleagues from the Antilles and USA has helped us to establish our research ;ines within these genera. We have conducted molecular phylogenetic studies with Feddea (Asteraceae), Microcycas (Zamiaceae), and Rhododeron (Asteraceae). The Ph.D. research of one of our previous graduate students and current herbarium curator of Fairchild (Dr. Brett Jestrow) focused on the systematic of the three endemic genera of the Leucocroton alliance (Euphorbiaceae) (i.e., Garciadelia, Lasiocroton, and Leucocroton). This study resulted in the description of a new genus, endemic to the island of Hispaniola (Garciadelia) (Taxon 59: 1801-1814, 2010) and to a historical biogeography reconstruction based on molecular phylogeny tools (Journal of Biogeography 39: 452-464, 2012). Currently out research with endemic genera is focusing on the phylogenetic placement of:
- The three endemic genera belonging to the Primulaceae (Solonia, Vegaea, and Wallenia). The study is being conducted in collaboration with colleagues from the National Botanic Garden of Cuba (Cristina Panfet), the National Botanic Garden of the Dominican Republic (Francisco Jiménez), the Botanic Garden of the University of Puerto Rico (Eugenio Santiago), and Broward County Extension Education (John Pipoly). The study is led by the curator of the Fairchild Botanic Garden Herbarium (Brett Jestrow) and also involves Carl Lewis (Director of Fairchild) and FIU-Fairchild graduate student Catherine Bravo.
- Dendrocousinsia (Euphorbiaceae). This genus is restricted to Jamaica and the study is the focus of the PhD research of Tracy Commock (Institute of Jamaica and University of the West Indies). The research is also involving Philip Rose (major advisor), Brett Jestrow, and colleagues from the Institute of Jamaica (Keron C. Campbell, and Judeen Meikel) (Brittonia 67: 87-95, 2014).
- Bonania (Euphorbiaceae). This genus is endemic in the Greater Antilles and the Bahamas, but has its center of taxonomic diversity in Cuba.We are looking into the conservation status of the genus in this island and also into its phylogenetic relatrionships within the family. Lisbet González (Instituto de Ecología y Sistemática de Cuba) is the project leader who is performing this research in collaboration with Ramona Oviedo (Instituto de Ecología y Sistemática de Cuba), Jorge Gutiérrez (Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba), and Brett Jestrow.
- Acanthodesmos (Asteraceae). This is a threatened genus with two species restricted to Cuba and Jamaica. The research is being led by Keron Campbell (Institute of Jamaica) in partnership with Pedro González (Centro de Investigaciones y Servicios Ambientales y Tecnológicos de Holguín) and Brett Jestrow. We aim to evaluate conservation challenges for the genus and also to determine its phylogenetic arrangement within the Asteraceae.
Vegaea pungens (Primulaceae) a Critically Endangered Dominican Republic endemic species in its natural habitat at high elevation forests. Photo credit: Ricardo Briones
Feddea cubensis (Asteraceae), a Critically Endangered genus endemic to serpentine soils of Cuba. Photo credit: L. Sanchez.
Plant of the Caribbean Island endemic Wallenia laurifolia from the living collections of Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden. Photo credit: Eugene Donaldson.
Garciadelia (Euphorbiaceae), a Critically Endangered genus endemic to Hispaniola. Photo credit: B. Jestrow.
Acanthodesmos gibarensis (Asteraceae), a Critically Endangered endemic species from western Cuba. Photo credit: Pedro A. González.
Bonania emarginata (Euphorbiaceae), a species endemic to Cuba. Photo credit: Brett Jestrow
3. Conservation Genetics of Caribbean Cycads
This project was funded by NSF and it is a collaboration between scientists from USDA-SHRS (Dr. Alan Meerow, Dr. Dayana Salas-Leiva, and Kyoko Nakamura), Montgomery Botanical Center (Dr. Patrick Griffith and Michael Calonje), New York Botanical Garden (Dr. Dennis Stevenson), the National Botanic Garden of Dominican Republic (Francisco Jimenez and Alberto Veloz), the Bahamas National Trust (Lindy Knowles and David Knowles), the Instituto de Ecologia y Sistematica of Cuba (Ramona Oviedo), and FIU-Fairchild (Dr. Javier Francisco-Ortega). We have been using DNA fingerprinting techniques to document levels of genetic diversity in populations of Zamia pumila from the Caribbean Islands and Florida. This species complex occurs in Florida, the Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominican Republic, the Bahamas (Oryx 47: 190-198, 2013), Jamaica, and Puerto Rico (Memoirs of New York Botanic Garden 106: 204-223, 2012; American Journal of Botany 99: 1828-1839, 2012). Our project also aims to determine management units, as they will help to establish conservation priorities. This study has systematic implications as the taxonomic limits between the several morphs of this species complex are not well understood. During our studies we have also recorded data on insect pollination by weevils, and assessed the conservation status and major threads faced by this species complex. The project was also funded by the National Geographic Society and the Mohamed Bin Zayed Species Conservation Fund.
From left to right: Alberto Veloz, J. Francisco-Ortega, M. Calonje, and F. Jimenez at the National Botanic Garden of Dominican Republic during a joint field trip (2009).
Alan Meerow (foreground) and A. Oberli (background) collecting plant material of Zamia pumila s.l. in Jamaica (2008).
4. Plant Exploration and Botany History
4.1 Early References for the Macaronesian Flora: With a focus on the pre-Linnaean collections of the Sloane Herbarium (Natural History Museum, London), we are examining early plant exploration and taxonomic accounts for the floras of the Macaronesian Islands (Madeira, Azores, Canaries, and Cape Verde). This research initiative is the result of partnerships with colleagues from Jardin de Aclimatación de La Orotava, Canary Islands (Dr. Arnoldo Santos), The Natural History Museum of London (Dr. Mark Carine), The Museo de la Naturaleza y el Hombre, Tenerife, Canary Islands (Dr. Lazaro Sanchez-Pinto), The University of Lisbon (Maria Romeiras and Cristina Duarte), Kew Gardens (Lulu Rico), and The The Natural History Museum of Paris (Germinal Rouhan). Through our research we have found the earliest documented herbaria for Madeira (by Sir Hans Sloane in 1687; Taxon 59: 598-612, 2010), the Canary Islands (by James Cuninghame in 1697; Taxon 60: 1734-1753, 2011), and the Cape Verde Islands (Taxon 30: 625-640, 2014). We have also been investigating:
- Pre-Linnaean references for the cultivation of plants from these islands at botanical gardens of Europe (Revista de la Academia Canaria de Ciencias 23: 113-143, 2012).
- Botanical contributions to Macaronesia that Captain James Cook made during his three famous voyages (Revista de la Academia Canaria de Ciencias, 27: 357-410, 2015).
- The herbarium and unpublished plant records produced by André-Pierre Ledru during his trip to Tenerife (November 1796 - March 1797, commanded by Captain Nicolas Baudin).
- The pre-19th century history of botanical illustration (Vieraea, 43: 219-308, 2015)
- Plant hunting expeditions of Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker to the Macaronesian Islands (Curtis's Botanical Magazine, in press)
4.2 Early accounts for the Flora of Puerto Rico:
Under the leadership of Dr. Eugenio Santiago (University of Puerto Rico) and in collaboration with Dr. Lazaro Sanchez-Pinto (Natural Sciences Museum of Tenerife) we are also studying the life and works of Domingo Bello y Espinosa, author of the first floristic treatment for Puerto Rico in the late 19th century (Makaronesia 15: 162-175, 2013; Taxon 64: 323-399, 2015). In addition we are performing research (also led by Dr. Eugenio Santiago) pertinent to the plant hunting activities performed by André-Pierre Ledru during his trip to this island (1797, commanded by Captain Nicolas Baudin).
Plate of Epidendrum kraenzlinii (Bello) [Orchidaceae, accepted name Psychilis kraenzlinii (Bello) Sauleda (Orchidaceae), drawings 1–3] and E. krugii [accepted
name P. krugii (Bello) Sauleda (Orchidaceae), drawings 4–7], published by Bello in Anales de la Sociedad Española de Historia Natural en 1883. (Cortesía of Museum of Natural History, London).
4.3 David Fairchild Expeditions
Other historical projects focus on plant hunting trips performed by Dr. David Fairchild. Our research has covered the following plant exploration expeditions:
- The Canary Islands. During the four expeditions that Dr. Fairchild made to this archipelago (in 1903, 1925, 1926, and 1927)
he visited four islands: Gran Canaria, La Palma, Lanzarote, and Tenerife and collected extensively plant material. This project is being conducted in collaboration with Janet Mosely, Dr. Arnoldo Santos-Guerra, Marianne Swan, and Nancy Korber (Brittonia 64: 421–437, 2012, Lecturas y Conferencias del Instituto de Estudios Canarios 21: 1-53, 2012).
- The Bahama Archipelago. In 2012 Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden celebrated the 30th anniversary of the publication of the Flora of the Bahama Archipelago published by Donovan Correll and Helen Correll. This work was sponsored by the Garden and during 2012 we were engaged in several activities in partnership with the Bahamas National Trust. One of them was to provide a study of David Fairchild's two plant hunting trips to the Bahamas (in 1931, 1932, and 1933). The study was performed in collaboration with our Janet Mosely, Marianne Swan, Dr. Brett Jestrow, and Nancy Korber; and with Dr. Ethan Freid (Bahamas National Trust) (Botanical Review 80: 164–183, 2014).
- Colombia and Venezuela. In 1948 when he was 79 years old, David Fairchild performed his last plant hunting expedition. This was a trip that has a primary goal to provide advice to the Venezuela Government about plant introduction procedures. In addition during this visit to these two countries David Fairchild also collect plant material for the Garden, particularly from palms, Sapotaceae, tuber-bearing Apiaceae, and ornamental trees. The study is being conducted in partnership with Jafet Nassar (Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Científicas) and colleagues from Fairchid (Janet Mosely, Marianne Swan, Dr. Brett Jestrow, and Nancy Korber) (Brittonia 68: 170-186, 2016).
- Jamaica. In 1933 David Fairchild undertook his last expedition on board Utowana. This trip included the Bahamas, Greater Antilles, the Colombian islands of Providencia and San Andres, and Panama. The main aim of his visit to Jamaica was to collect plant material from the three historical botanic gardens of this island. These botanical institutions recipients of some of the earliest introductions of crops and gardening plants from the Old World. Research is being performed in partnership with Dr. Philip Rose (University of the West Indies at Mona, Jamaica), Keron Campbell (Institute of Jamaica), Tracy Commock (Institute of Jamaica). It also involves colleagues from the Garden (Janet Mosely, Marianne Swan, Dr. Brett Jestrow, and Nancy Korber) (Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 144: 139-152, 2017).
- Haiti. David Fairchild visited Haiti twice (in 1932 and 1933). These expeditions were part of two larger voyages along the West Indies on board Utowana. The visits took place during the United States Occupation of Haiti and both germplasm and herbarium specimens were collected. Localities from both northern Haiti and Southern Haiti were visited. The project is being undertaken in collaboration with William Cinea (Botanic Garden of Cayes, Haiti) and colleagues from the Garden (Janet Mosely, Marianne Swan, Dr. Brett Jestrow, and Nancy Korber) (Huntia, in press).
David Fairchild near a termite nest at Gun Point,
Eleuthera Island, The Bahamas (January 11, 1932).
Courtesy of Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden Archives.
4.4 Brother Marie-Victorin Expeditions
Brother Marie-Victorin (1885–1944) was the founder of the Botanic Garden of Montreal and one of the most important figures in the botanical history of Canada. His expeditions and floristic books on Cuba are well-known. His research with Cuban plants was conducted with Brother Leon, one of the most influential figures in the study of Cuban plants. Marie-Victorin traveled extensively to other regions of the world. In partnership with Luc Broillet (Botanic Garden of Montreal) and colleagues from the Canaries, FIU, and the Caribbean and Macaronesian Islands we are studying Marie-Victorin's documents and photographs. They are found in the Archives of the University of Montreal. Our research is focusing on his expeditions to:
- The Canary Islands: with Dr. Arnoldo Santos-Guerra, Dr. Lázaro Sanchez-Pinto (Museo de la Ciencia y el Hombre, Tenerife), Dr. Scott Zona and Marie Madeleine Jean-Louis (Florida International University), Dr. Brett Jestrow (Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden), and Dr. Geoffrey Hall (Institut de Recherche en Biologie Végétale de l'Université de Montréal) (Makaronesia 17: 88-101, 2016; Webbia, in press).
- Haiti: with Dr. Nicolas Andre, Dr. Scott Zona and Rose Adme (Florida International University); William Cinea (Botanic Garden of Cayes); and Dr. Brett Jestrow (Moscosoa, in press).
- Puerto Rico: with Dr. Eugenio Santiago (University of Puerto Rico at Río Piedras), Beatrice Jean Francois (Florida International University), and Dr. Geoffrey Hall (Institut de Recherche en Biologie Végétale de l'Université de Montréal) (Revista del Jardin Botanico Nacional. Universidad de la Habana 37: 121-143, 2016).
Marie-Victorin standing near a specimen of Dracaena draco
(Asparagaceae) in Hotel Pino de Oro, Santa Cruz de Tenerife,
June 1929. Image courtesy of the Archives of the University of
Online Supplementary Data for Research Publications
Ptychosperminae (PRK & RPB2) - American Journal of Botany 98: 1716-1726.
David Fairchild Last Plant Hunting Expedition - Brittonia 68: 170-186.
David Fairchild Plant Hunting Expedition in Jamaica - Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 144: 139-152.
Brother Marie-Victorin visit to Puerto Rico (Original article published in Le Naturaliste Canadien) - Revista del Jardín Botánico Nacional. Universidad de La Habana 37: 121-143.
Brother Marie-Victorin visit to Haiti in 1942 (Original article published in Le Naturaliste Canadien) - Moscosoa
- Laboratory Head, FIU/Fairchild Plant Molecular Systematics Laboratory (1999-present)
- Professor, Department of Biological Sciences, Florida International University (2012-present)
- Associate Professor, Department of Biological Sciences, Florida International University (2005-2011)
- Assistant Professor, Department of Biological Sciences, Florida International University (1999-2004)
- Lecturer, Departamento de Ciencias Agrarias, Universidad de La Laguna, Canary Islands (1997-1998)
- Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Department of Botany, University of Texas, Austin (1994-1996)
- Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Department of Biological Sciences, Ohio State University, Columbus (1993)
Education and Training
- Ph.D. Biology, University of Birmingham, United Kingdom (1992)
Dissertation: "Ecogeography of the Chamaecytisus proliferus complex (Fabaceae) in the Canary Islands."
- M.Sc. Biology, University of Birmingham, United Kingdom (1988)
Thesis: "A study of morphological and isozyme variation in Lathyrus pratensis L. (Fabaceae)."
- B.Sc. in Horticulture Sciences, Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros Agrónomos, Madrid, Spain (1986)
Recent Research Publications (2012-present)
*= Graduate Student **= Undergraduate Student
Francisco-Ortega, J.; Santiago-Valentín, E.; Santos-Guerra, A.; Sánchez-Pinto, E.; Concepción-Pérez, A.; Hernández González, M.J.; Tarquis, A.M. & González, G. (In press). Domingo Bello y Espinosa en las Islas Canarias: La labor de un gran naturalista y humanista. Rincones del Atlántico.
Francisco-Ortega, J.; Swan, M.; Cinea, W.; Beaussejour, N.; Korber, N.; Latham, J.M. & Jestrow, B. (In press). David Fairchild's plant hunting expeditions in Haiti. Huntia.
Francisco-Ortega, J. & Sánchez-Pinto, L. (In press). Iconografía de plantas de Canarias. Vieraea Suplemento monográfico.
Rico, L.; Duarte, M.C.; Romeiras, M.M.; Santos-Guerra, A.; Nepi, C. & Francisco-Ortega, J. (In press). Joseph D. Hooker's 1939 Cape Verde collections. Curtis's Botanical Magazine.
Jestrow, B.; Peguero, B.; Jiménez, F.; Verdecia, R.; González Oliva, L.; Cinea, W.; Griffith, M.P.; Meerow, A.W.; Maunder, M. & Francisco-Ortega, J. (In press). A conservation framework for the highly threatened endemic species of the Caribbean palm Coccothrinax. Oryx.
Zona, S.; Hass, M.; Fickerová, M.; Mardonovich, S.; Sanderford, K.; Francisco-Ortega, J. & Jestrow, B. Mainland and island populations of Coccothrinax argentata (Arecaceae): revisiting the common garden experiment in its 24th year. Systematic Botany.
Griffith, M.P.; *Calonje, M.; Meerow, A.W.; Francisco-Ortega, J.; Knowles, L.; Aguilar, R.; Tut, F.; Sánchez, V.; Meyer, A.; Noblick, L.R. & Magellan, T.M. (2017). Will the same ex situ protocols give similar results for closely related species? Biodiversity and Conservation 26: 2951-1966.
Francisco-Ortega, J.; Brouillet, L.; Hall, G.; Santos-Guerra, A.; Suárez-Martín, P.; Sánchez-Pinto, L.; Jean-Louis, E.; Jestrow, B. & Zona, B. (2017). Brother Marie-Victorin in the Canary Islands in 1929. Webbia 72: 53-61.
Salas-Leiva, D.; Meerow, A.; *Calonje, M.; Francisco-Ortega, J.; Griffith, M.P.; Nakamura, K.; Sanchez, V.; Knowles, L. & Knowles, D. 2017. Shifting Quaternary migration patterns in the Bahamian archipelago: evidence from the Zamia pumila complex (Cycadales: Zamiaceae) at the northern limit of the Caribbean Island Biodiversity Hotspot. American Journal of Botany 104: 757-771.
Santiago-Valentín, E.; **Francois, B.J.; Hall, G.; Brouillet, L. & Francisco-Ortega, J. (2016). Images Floristiques Portoricaines: El diario del viaje a Puerto Rico del Hermano Marie-Victorin, 1942. Revista del Jardín Botánico Nacional Universidad de La Habana 37: 121-143. PDF
*Oleas, N.H.; Meerow, A.W. & Francisco-Ortega, J. (2016). Genetic structure of the threatened Phaedranassa schizantha Baker (Amaryllidaceae). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 182: 169-179.
Rose, P.E.; Campbell, K.C.; Commock, T.; Korber, N.; Mosely, J.; Swan, M.; Jestrow, B. & Francisco-Ortega, J. (2017). David Fairchild’s expedition to Jamaica on board Utowana. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Club 144: 139-152.
Korber, N.;Nassar, J.M.; Mosely, J.; Jestrow, B.; Lewis, C. & Francisco-Ortega, J. (2016). The last plant hunting expedition of David Fairchild: Venezuela and Colombia (March-April 1948). Brittonia 68: 170-186.
Jestrow, B.; Peguero, B.; Jiménez, B.; Joseph, P.A.; Cinea, W.; Hass, W.; Reeve, A.; Meerow, A.W.; Griffith, M.P.; Maunder, M. & Francisco-Ortega, J. (2016).Genetic diversity and differentiation of the Critically Endangered Hispaniolan palm Coccothrinax jimenezii M.M. Mejía & R.G. García based on novel SSR markers. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 66: 216-223.
Francisco-Ortega, J.; Santos-Guerra, A.; Sánchez-Pinto, L.; Duarte, M.C.; Rouhan, G.; Santiago-Valentín, E.; Carine, M. & Romeiras, M.M. (2015). Early scientific illustrations of the Macaronesian flora: an introduction to pre-19th century artworks. Vieraea 43: 219-308. PDF
Francisco-Ortega, J.; Broillet, L.; Santos-Guerra, A.; Sánchez-Pinto, L.; Jestrow & Zona, S. (2016). El Hermano Marie-Victorin: desde Canadá a Canarias en periplo botánico por tres continentes durante 1929. Makaronesia 17: 88-101.
Francisco-Ortega, J.; Santos-Guerra, A.; Romeiras, M.M.; Carine, M.A.; Sánchez-Pinto, L. & Duarte, M.C. (2015). The botany of the three voyages of Captain Cook in Macaronesia: an introduction. Revista de la Academia Canaria de Ciencias 27: 357-410. PDF
Peguero, B.; Jiménez, B.; Joseph, P.A.; Cinea, W.; Griffith, M.P.; Francisco-Ortega, J. & Jestrow, B. (2015). Coccothrinax jimenezii – A Critically Endangered palm from Hispaniola. Palms 59: 145-153. PDF
Commock, T.; Campbell, K.S.E.; Meikle, J.; Francisco-Ortega, J. & Jestrow, B. (2015). Conservation and taxonomic updates for the Jamaican endemic genus Dendrocousinsia (Euphorbiaceae). Brittonia 67: 87-95.
Santiago-Valentín, E.; Sánchez-Pinto, L. & Francisco-Ortega, J. (2015). Domingo Bello y Espinosa (1817-1884) and the new taxa published in his Apuntes para la Flora de Puerto Rico. Taxon 64: 323-349.
Zona, S.; Alvarez De Zayas, R.; Orellana, R.; Oviedo, R.; Jestrow, B. & Francisco-Ortega, J. (2014). Dracaena in the Americas: Its history and botany. Vieraea 42: 219-240. PDF
Zhai, J.-W.; Zhang, G.-Q.; Lin, L.; Wang, M.; Chen, L.-J.; Chung, S.-W.; Jiménez-Rodríguez, F.; Francisco-Ortega, J.; Lan, S.-R.; Xing, F.-W. & Liu, Z.-J. (2014). A new phylogenetic analysis sheds new light on the relationships in the Calanthe alliance (Orchidaceae) in China. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 77: 216-222.
Meerow, A.W.; Noblick, L.; Salas-Leiva, D.E.; Sanchez, V.; Francisco-Ortega, J. Jestrow, B. & Nakamura, K. (2014). When species trees collide: phylogeny and historical biogeography of the cocosoid palms (Arecaceae, Arecoideae, Cocoseae) inferred from sequences of six WRKY gene family loci. Cladistics 30: 1-26.
*Rodríguez-Peña, R.A.; Jestrow, B.; Cinea, W.; Veloz, A.; Jiménez-Rodríguez, F.; García, R.; Meerow, A.W.; Griffith, M.P.; Maunder, M. & Francisco-Ortega, J. (2014). Conservation and genetics of two Critically Endangered Hispaniolan palms – Genetic erosion of Pseudophoenix lediniana in contrast to P. ekmanii. Plant Systematics and Evolution 300: 2019-2027.
*Rodríguez-Peña, R.A.; Jestrow, B.; Meerow, A.W.; Clase, T.; Jiménez-Rodríguez, F.; Griffith, M.P.; Santiago-Valentin, E.; Sustache-Sustache, J.A. & Francisco-Ortega, J. (2014). Genetic diversity and differentiation of Pseudophoenix (Arecaceae) in Hispaniola. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 176: 469-485.
Romeiras, M.M.; Duarte, M.C.; Santos-Guerra, A.; Carine, M. & Francisco-Ortega, J. (2014). Botanical exploration of the Cape Verde Islands: from the pre-Linnaean records and collections to the late 18th century floristic accounts and expeditions. Taxon 30: 625-640.
Francisco-Ortega, J.; Korber, N.; Swan, N.; Mosely, J.; Freid, E. & Jestrow, B. (2014). Plant hunting expeditions of David Fairchild to The Bahamas. Botanical Review 80: 164–183.
Francisco-Ortega, J.; Jestrow, B. & Freid, E. (2014). Plants, research, conservation, and education in the Bahama Archipelago. The emerging picture. Botanical Review 80: 148-151.
Jestrow, B.; Freid, E.; Arango-Arces, S. & Francisco-Ortega, J. (2014). The Bahamian flora: plant exploration, living collections, and DNA – A journey started in 1963. Botanical Review 80: 231-244.
Carey, E.; Gape, L.; Manco, B.N.; Hepburn, D.; Smith, R.L.; Knowles, L.; Knowles. D.; Daniels, D.; Vincent, M.A.; Freid, E.; Jestrow, B.; Calonje, M.; Meerow, A.W.; Griffith, M.P.; Stevenson, D.W. & Francisco-Ortega, J. (2014). Plant conservation challenges in the Bahama archipelago. Botanical Review 80: 265-282.
Freid, E.; Francisco-Ortega, J. & Jestrow, B. (2014). Endemic seed plants in the Bahamian archipelago. Botanical Review 80: 204-230.
*Oleas, N.H.; Meerow, A.W.; Feeley, K.J.; Gebelein, J. & Francisco-Ortega, J. (2014). Using species distribution models as a tool to discover new populations of Phaedranassa brevifolia Meerow, 1987. Checklist 10: 689-691.
Salas-Leiva, D.E.; Meerow, A.W.; Francisco-Ortega, J.; Calonje, M.; Griffith, M.P.; Stevenson, D.W. & Nakamura, K. (2014). Conserved genetic regions across angiosperms help develop low copy nuclear markers in gymnosperms: an example using cycads. Molecular Ecology Resources 14: 831-845.
Priesta, H.A.; **Chin, C.; Veisaga, M.L.; Commock, T.; Campbell, K.; Jestrow, B.; Francisco-Ortega, J. & Barbieri, M. (2014). Volatile constituents of five species of Portlandia (Rubiaceae). Journal of Essential Oil Research 26: 125-129.
**Chin, C.; Priesta, H.A; Veisaga, M.L.; Commock, T.; Campbell, K.; Jestrow, B.; Francisco-Ortega, J. & Barbieri, A. (2014). Antiproliferative effect of Portlandia extracts and their fractions on breast cancer cells. European Journal of Medicinal Plants 4: 1186-1199.
Liu, Z.-J.; Zhai, J.W.; Zhang, Q.-Q.; Li, L.; Wang, M.; Chen, L.J.; Chung, S.-W.; Rodríguez, F.; Francisco-Ortega, J.; Lan, S.-R. & Xing, F.-W. (2014). A new phylogenetic analysis sheds new light on the relationships in the Calanthe alliance (Orchidaceae) in China. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 77: 216-222.
Francisco-Ortega, J. & Zona, S. (2013). Sweet sap from palms, a source of beverages, alcohol, vinegar, syrup, and sugar. Vieraea 5: 91-113. PDF
Francisco-Ortega, J. (2013). Viera y Clavijo, Arnoldo Santos y los siglos de las luces. Vieraea 41: 5-20. PDF
*Geiger, J.; Meerow, A.W.; Lewis, C.; Oviedo, R. & Francisco-Ortega, J. (2014). Genetic diversity and conservation of Ipomoea microdactyla (Convolvulaceae) – An endemic vine from the Bahamas, Cuba, and Southeastern Florida. Plant Species Biology 29: 2-15.
Griffith, M.P., Francisco-Ortega, J. & Cribrian Jaramillo, A. (2013). Special issue on genetics and plant conservation in Latin America. Botanical Review 79: 447-448.
*Oleas, N.; Meerow, A.W. & Francisco-Ortega, J. (2013). Molecular markers and conservation of plant species in the Latin-America: the caseof Phaedranassa viridiflora (Amaryllidaceae). Botanical Review 79: 507-527.
Cibrian-Jaramillo, A.; Hird, A.; *Oleas, N.; Ma, H.; Meerow, A.W.; Francisco-Ortega, J. & Griffith, M.P. (2013). What is the conservation value of a plant in a botanic garden? Using indicators to improve management of ex situ collections. Botanical Review 79: 559-577.
*Oleas, N.; Jestrow, B.; Calonje, M.; Peguero, B.; Jiménez, F.; Rodríguez-Peña, R.; Oviedo, R.; Santiago-Valentín, E.; Meerow, A.W.; Abdo, M.; Maunder, M.; Griffith, P. & Francisco-Ortega, J. (2013). Molecular systematics of threatened seed plant species endemic in the Caribbean Islands. Botanical Review 79:528-541.
Salas-Leiva, D.E.; Meerow, A.W.; *Calonje, M.; Griffith, M.P.; Francisco-Ortega, J.; Stevenson, D.W.; Nakamura, K.; Lewis, C.E. & Namoff, S. (2013). Phylogeny of the cycads based on multiple single copy nuclear genes: congruence of concatenated parsimony, likelihood, and species tree inference methods. Annals of Botany 112: 1263-1278.
Korber, N.; Gelberg, L.E.; Mosely, J.; Swan, M.; Freid, E.; Jestrow, B. & Francisco-Ortega, J. (2013). The unpublished autobiography of Donovan Correll (1908-1983): accounts on Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden and Bahamian Plants. Moscosoa 18: 85-103.
*Calonje, M.; Meerow, A.W.; Knowles, L.; Knowles, D.; Grifith, P.; Nakamura, K. & Francisco-Ortega, J. (2013). Cycad biodiversity in the Bahama Archipelago and conservation genetics of the Critically Endangered Zamia lucayana (Zamiaceae). Oryx 47: 190-198.
Santiago-Valentín, E.; Sánchez-Pinto, L. & Francisco-Ortega, J. (2013). Domingo Bello y Espinosa: Desde Canarias a Las Antillas. Estudio de la flora de Puerto Rico en el siglo XIX. Makaronesia 15: 162-175. PDF
Francisco-Ortega, J.; Santos-Guerra, A.; Mosely, J. L.; Korbe, N. & Swan, M. (2012). David Fairchild expeditions to the Canary Islands. Plant collections and research outcomes. Brittonia 64: 421–437.
*Laubengayer, K.; Zona, S.; Santiago-Valentin, E.; Husby, C. & Francisco-Ortega, J. (2012). Morphometric analysis of Aiphanes minima (Arecaceae) across the Antilles. Harvard Papers in Botany 17: 299–305.
Meerow, A.; Francisco-Ortega, J.; *Calonje, M.; Griffith, M.P.; Ayala-Silva, T.; Stevenson. D. & Nakamura, K. (2012). Zamia (Cycadales: Zamiaceae) on Puerto Rico: asymmetric genetic differentiation and the hypothesis of multiple introductions. American Journal of Botany 99: 1828-1839.
Meerow, A.; Francisco-Ortega, J.; Ayala-Silva, T.; Stevenson. D. & Nakamura, K. (2012). Population genetics of Zamia in Puerto Rico, a study with ten SSR loci. Memoirs of New York Botanical Garden 106: 204-223.
*Moynihan, J.; Stevenson, D.Wm.; Lewis, C.E.; Vovides, A.P.; Caputo, P. & Francisco-Ortega, J. (2012). A phylogenetic study of Dioon Lind. (Zamiaceae, Cycadales), based on morphology, nuclear ribosomal DNA, a low copy nuclear gene and plastid RFLPs. Memoirs of New York Botanical Garden 106: 448-479.
*Moynihan, J.; Gonzalez-Astorga, J.J.; Vovides, A.P.; & Francisco-Ortega, J. (2012). Population genetic diversity in the Dioon edule Lindl. species complex (Zamiaceae, Cycadales): Evidence from microsatellite data. Memoirs of New York Botanical Garden 106: 224-249.
Francisco-Ortega, J. (2012). David Fairchild y sus expediciones biológicas a las Islas Canarias. Lecturas y Conferencias del Estudios Canarios 21: 1-53. PDF
Griffith, M.P.; Sustache Sustache, J.; Francisco-Ortega, J. & Santiago-Valentin, E. (2012). Cactus, succulent, and pachycaul flora of Mona Island. Haseltonia 18: 59–69.
*Oleas, N.; Meerow, A.W. & Francisco-Ortega, J. (2012). Population dynamics of the endangered plant, Phaedranassa tunguraguae, from the Tropical Andean hotspot. Journal of Heredity 103: 557-569.
Santiago-Valentín, E.; Sustache-Sustache, J.; *Cielo Figuerola, C.; *Fumero-Cabán, J.; Francisco-Ortega, J. & Griffith, P. (2012). Pseudophoenix sargentii on Mona Island: Conservation survey and a new discovery. Palms 56: 78-90.
Jestrow, B.; Valdes, J.J.; Jimenez Rodriguez, F. & Francisco-Ortega, J. (2012). Phylogenetic placement of the Dominican Republic endemic genus Sarcopilea (Urticaceae). Taxon 6: 592-600.
Francisco-Ortega, J.; Santos-Guerra, A.; Sanchez-Pinto, L. & Maunder, M. (2012). Early cultivation of Macaronesian plants in three European botanic gardens. Revista de la Academia Canaria de Ciencias 23: 113-143. PDF
Li, B.; Xu, W.; Tu, T.; Wang, Z.; Olmstead, R.G.; Peng, H.; Francisco-Ortega, J.; Cantino, P.D. & Zhang, D. (2012). Phylogenetic position of Wenchengia (Lamiaceae): a taxonomically enigmatic and critically endangered genus. Taxon 61: 392-401.
Jestrow, B.; Gutierrez, J. & Francisco-Ortega, J. (2012). Islands within islands: a molecular phylogenetic study of the Leucocroton alliance (Euphorbiaceae) across the Caribbean Islands and within the serpentinite archipelago of Cuba. Journal of Biogeography 39: 452-464.
*Trusty, J.; Tye, A.; Collins, T.M.; Michelangeli, F.A.; Madriz, P. & Francisco-Ortega, J. (2012). Galapagos and Cocos Islands: geographically close, botanically distant. International Journal of Plant Sciences 173: 36-53.
Jardin Botanique des Cayes, Haiti
Jardín Botánico Nacional Rafael Ma. Moscoso, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic
Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba
Jardín Botánico Francisco Javier Clavijero, Xalapa, Veracruz, Mexico
The International Palm Society
Prince Bernhard Nature Fund
The Explorers Club
Mohamed Bin Zayed Species Conservation Fund
Save Our Species
Conservation Leadership Program
The Rufford Small Grants Foundation
Whitley Fund for Nature
Terra Viva Grants
Botanical Society of America Awards (BSA Graduate Research Award; J. S. Karling Graduate Research Award)
The Anne S. Chatham Fellowship in Medicinal Botany
The Garden Club of America Board of Associates Centennial Pollinator Fellowship
Garden Club of America Award in Tropical Botany
American Society of Plant Taxonomists - Awards
Franklin Research Grant from the American Philosophical Society
The Lewis and Clark Fund for Exploration and Field Research from the American Philosophical Society - Doctoral Students
Grants-in-Aid of Research - The Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology
The International Foundation
Florida Statewide Endangered and Threatened Plant Conservation Program.
American Public Garden Association Awards.
Shell Oil Company Grant Program.
Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission - Florida’s State Wildlife Grants Program
The Van Tienhoven Foundation for International Nature Protection
Systematic Research Fund (Systematics Association and Linnean Society of London)
Last updated: October 7, 2017